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Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO)
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Volume XXVIII • Issue 75 • 2022 (Just released)
 
Guest editor(s): Olivier, Germain ; Judith, Igelsböck ; Daniel, Melo Ribeiro ; Jean-Luc, Moriceau
 
Spaces and Organisation Behaviour: new organisations, new theorisations
 
Studies on the relationships between spaces and organisational behaviour have recently become richer, considering, for example, materiality, identity, aesthetics, control, reciprocal constitution – up to what is called a turn towards spatiality. However, today, on the one hand, spaces, places and borders are being drastically redefined (e.g. with flex-office, aesthetisation, third places, migrations, multiple reterritorialisations) and on the other hand, the theorisations of organisational space are convening new authors and new concepts (e.g. spacing, throwntogetherness, dispositif, geophilosophy...). In this special issue we propose to follow Beyes & Holt's (2020) invitation to take space seriously and to think spatially: to recognise that all organisations and actors are emplaced or desire a place, that innumerable boundaries are formed and contested, that territories are traversed by atmospheres and affects; and to welcome research and reflections inspired by and addressing this new spatial condition of organisations. Hence this issue calls for all forms of contributions that seek to better understand the links between new spatial organisations and organisational behaviour and to reflect on the new issues, imaginaries, devices, boundaries, subjectivities and controls that are taking shape and reforming the life of and in organisations.
 
Issue content
 
Title :  Organizational Spaces and Behaviors: new organizations, new theorizations, new concerns
Abstract :  One remembers the choral description in a building of La Défense by Girin and Berthier (1987): the space is described there as a major actor. The space molds and attracts on it the communications, the displacements, the desires, the symbols, the honors. This will be commented by Chanlat (1990): the individual is rooted in space, space is a forgotten dimension of management theories, leading to a truncated vision of organizational behaviors and participating in our creation of inhuman organizations. Girin and Berthier''s comments anticipate the role of the actant, the agentivity of the non-human in organizations. Space has since taken more and more place in our descriptions and theorizations of organizational worlds. In this editorial, we suggest that the recognition of this dimension should be redoubled today, due both to the recent evolution of the organization and to new and particularly stimulating theorizations. On the one hand, the places, spaces, territories and networks of work are being redefined and reinvented; on the other hand, theorizations of organizational space are opening up new avenues of exploration and debate. The contributions in this issue are an illustration of this, as we will point out next. We will then consider the implications that this spatial turn could have on organizational behavior studies.
Keywords:  Organizational spaces, organizational behaviors, new organizations, new theories, new concerns
Pages : 
DOI :  https://doi.org/10.3917/rips1.075.0007
Type :  Editorial
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2023-75-page-7.htm
 
 
Title :  Zero long-term unemployed territories: A territorial experiment in the light of its proximities
Abstract :  The objective of this article is to highlight, in an exploratory study, the coordination of a diversity of actors in a territory around the experiment "Territoires zéro chômeur de longue durée". In order to consider the coordination of the diversity of stakeholders involved in this territorial project, we propose to mobilise the theoretical framework of proximities in a current of institutionalist inspiration. We present, in a qualitative approach, a case study carried out on one of the ten pioneer territories of the experimentation, the territory of Jouques carried out within the framework of a PhD thesis. Firstly, we analyse the coordination allowed by the development of proximities between a company with an employment objective and its external stakeholders in the territory. Secondly, we show the progressive adaptation of the organisational behaviours of the employment enterprise through the evolution of the proximities with its internal stakeholders allowing it to develop its activities and thus its anchoring to the territory. Thus, on the one hand, we wish to highlight that the proximities allow the coordination and the adaptation of the organisational behaviours of the employment enterprise, and reciprocally, we underline that this territorial experimentation is also a lever of creation of proximities. We conclude on the fact that the adaptation of its organisational behaviours leads to a better coordination of the company with the actors of the territory that it contributes to build in the framework of this new experimental public action.
Keywords:  proximity, territory, coordination, constructed, organisational behaviour
Pages : 
DOI :  https://doi.org/10.3917/rips1.075.0023
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2023-75-page-23.htm
 
 
Title :  Control by and within space: an inter-organizational perspective in the healthcare sector
Abstract :  Can we control organizations through the use of spatial norms? This contribution proposes to address this question, which also extends the traditional approaches of the school of proximity by integrating the question of power, a dimension that has been somewhat neglected according to the supporters of this approach. To achieve this objective, we have mobilized the concept of "dispositif" as defined by Michel Foucault as well as a broad literature in social and critical geography. Empirically, our research is based on the study of a unique case: the action of a regional health agency. The aim of this state organization is to manage the health system in a defined area by organizing the actions of operators through various mechanisms (contracts, calls for proposals, allocation of resources, inspection/control, etc.). Thus, this contribution contributes to enrich our understanding of formal control mechanisms by proposing a grammar of these mechanisms and by grounding them. It also emphasizes that space must be considered simultaneously as a generator and a product of power relations in the organizational field - a space to be aligned with when one is in a dominated position, or to be attempted to contest. Finally, it proposes a dynamic vision of inter-organizational control by using the concept of “dispositif”. However, using this concept at the inter-organizational level leads us to see organizations as black boxes. This impedes us from understanding the influence of intra-organizational logics - for example, professional groups - on spatial relations. This could be the subject of further stimulating research.
Keywords:  control, space, Foucault, health sector, proximity
Pages : 
DOI :  https://doi.org/10.3917/rips1.075.0041
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2023-75-page-41.htm
 
 
Title :  From the fragmentation of work spaces to the design of a space-place of work: how to make the whole work experience visible?
Abstract :  The atomisation of work spaces into different locations thwarts the continuity of activity and causes a despatialization of work relationships. A thick veil surrounds what takes place inside these differentiated spaces and prevents the organisation of fluid work. How, under these conditions, can the spatialization of work be redesigned in order to recreate organized collective action? To answer this question, we suggest the creation of a space-place capable of making visible the global experience of work. Philosophers, geographers, psychologists and managers have been studying the notions of space and place for several decades, trying to draw their contours. Space as a concept of infinity, freedom, openness; place, a space delimited by a function, intimate and secure. In order to create a space-place of work, we develop in this article the three indispensable principles of visibility that would allow fragmented spaces to have a tangible existence: visibility of the individual experience of spaces by highlighting gestures, emotions, impressions and material atmospheres; visibility of the discourses attached to these spaces by revealing the plurality of points of view, the symbolic representations and the underlying debates and compromises; visibility of the power relations attached to these spaces, reflections of the rules, hierarchical positions and functioning of the working teams. Finally, we encourage to rethink the organisation of work in all its spatiality in order to reinforce the interdependencies of the different work spaces.
Keywords:  space, place, work, experience, visibility
Pages : 
DOI :  https://doi.org/10.3917/rips1.075.0063
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2023-75-page-63.htm
 
 
Title :  The struggle for places: study of top managers’ behavior to maintain their spatial privilege
Abstract :  This article exposes how the top managers of a large banking group behaved when confronted to the execution of a major spatial development project, during the construction of their organization’s new headquarters and how it failed the business project that underpinned it: namely, constructing a single building for all their central services capable of promoting formal and informal exchanges amongst individuals from these different departments, so as to bring out more collaboration and greater esprit de corps. From a multidisciplinary literature review combining social geography, philosophy and management sciences, and by mobilizing a methodology combining interviews with the key actors of the project and numerous internal documents kept in the organization’s archives (such as meeting minutes and internal publications), the authors were able to go back to the underlying reasons for defending the symbolic privileges of top managers: preserving their personal place as close as possible to General Management, even if it could jeopardize the business project that they had to carry and support. This case shows the importance of this spatial dimension, which is still under explored. From this observation, we put forward the idea that the concept of place – in the sense of space for oneself located in the organization – should be further examined because it is essential in the organizational experience, and for this we propose to rely on social geography.
Keywords:  space, symbolical privilege, location, place, headquarters, spatial justice
Pages : 
DOI :  https://doi.org/10.3917/rips1.075.0081
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2023-75-page-81.htm
 
 
Title :  How can solidarity be enacted in the space? The case of a coworking space for solidarity entrepreneurs
Abstract :  The rich literature on coworking spaces shows that space is not neutral and can have structuring effects on organizational behavior. The authors examine the principles of spatial inscription of one of the motors of collective action: solidarity. To this end, the study highlights the process of co-construction of space by its users, and proposes a rational (and not moral) reading of solidarity issues. This analysis, based on an in-depth case study, seeks to understand how solidarity can be put into space. The results of the research highlight the need for a socio-material approach in order to understand how a community claiming a solidarity project is deployed in space in order to provide several forms of legibility. The first is based on a homogeneous community solidarity expressed in a given space. It is based on a specialization of spaces that sets the solidarity space against other spaces that may have an economic dimension. The second is characterized by solidarity in an open space linked to a heterogeneous community. Its advantage is linked to its capacity to be part of wider solidarity networks. It relies on non-specialized spaces that allow for greater flexibility in use. The research highlights how the configuration of the space allows for the emergence of different solidarity factories, which can be based on the construction of communities or on the articulation between mechanical and organic solidarity.
Keywords:  collaborative working space, social and solidarity economy, space, solidarity, community
Pages : 
DOI :  https://doi.org/10.3917/rips1.075.0101
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2023-75-page-101.htm
 
 
Title :  Communitech and the dynamics of innovation commons within a collaborative space
Abstract :  This article analyzes the dynamics of innovation that emerges and develops in certain emblematic collaborative spaces that are at the origin of the formation of real innovation ecosystems. The study focuses on the case of Communitech Hub in Waterloo (Ontario) which is at the origin of the formation of a successful entrepreneurial ecosystem. The results highlight certain common features between these collaborative spaces, namely: the innovation dynamic in these spaces is orchestrated by bottom-up initiatives led by informal groups of individuals ("commoners") who articulate a series of "commons of innovation" to develop their collaborative innovative project. According to our observations, the dynamics of innovation in collaborative spaces results from the following sequence of commons: 1) social commons 2) symbolic commons, and 3) knowledge commons. Initially, commoners emerge as an active group of a professional community and contribute to the formation and maintenance of a social common based on the openness and cross-fertilization of a network of professionals; then, the commoners get involved as the central core of an “epistemic community” that develops a shared vision and creates a collaborative space to develop their innovation objective; once the collaborative space is working, the commoners set up various communities to share, preserve and enrich a certain number of “knowledge commons”. Each of these commons corresponds to a governance mechanism for collective action on a specific common resource which is a key determinant of the innovative project.
Keywords:  collaborative spaces, innovation commons, entrepreneurial ecosystem, community of practice, creativity
Pages : 
DOI :  https://doi.org/10.3917/rips1.075.0127
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2023-75-page-127.htm
 
 
Title :  (In)visibility in new workspaces: the experience of telecommuting during the COVID19 crisis revisited through the lens of recognition theories
Abstract :  The COVID19 crisis led to a massive shift to telework in the spring of 2020. Putting their employees at a distance, organizations have had to rethink work in spaces that have become entirely digital, and where new (in)visibilities have blurred traditional reference points, generating new organizational behaviors. This article analyses the experience of visibility at work during the crisis through the lens of recognition theories. A case study conducted during the crisis within a large insurance company reveals that remote working exacerbated the need for existential recognition at work. It also shows that the digitization of workspaces can lead to the perception of an invisibilization of practices and commitment due to the shift in focus towards the flows and results of work. This phenomenon contributes to the feeling of a denial of recognition for some workers, more particularly for managers, whereas others have managed to gain new recognition. The experience of telework in a period of confinement thus sheds new light on what might be at stake in terms of social visibility and recognition in the new spatializations of work. From a managerial point of view, the results of this research are likely to contribute to the current reflection of companies on the future of work and its new spatializations, as well as on the role of the manager, whose experience of visibility during the crisis appears ambivalent.
Keywords:  workplace, digital space, visibility, recognition theory, organizational behavior
Pages : 
DOI :  https://doi.org/10.3917/rips1.075.0151
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2023-75-page-151.htm
 
 
Title :  Placing a workers’ resistance movement against factory closure
Abstract :  To the invitation “to think spatially” raised in this special issue, we answer with a proposal to think “placially”. Based on an emerging research stream linking place and organisational resistance, we want to understand, through the in-depth study of the revelatory case of the long-lasting struggle of ex-Fralib workers in France, how to think placially about a workers’ movement resisting a managerial decision of factory closure. Place is central in this case, as the studied resistance movement appears to be coconstructed with a renewed sense of the factory as a place of collective ownership. Our main aim, in this paper, is therefore to participate in the integration of place into the conceptual repertoire of scholars in management and organisation studies (MOS) by inductively analysing the place-based dimension of a phenomenon such as organisational resistance. The article reflects the empirical approach adopted. It first traces the theoretical foundations in our field on organisational resistance and its spatial dimension before defining the concept of place from the relational perspective adopted in this study. A methodological section then describes our textual materials (the entire blog posted online by resisting workers throughout the struggle) and our computer-assisted discourse analysis technique. Following the presentation of our findings (i.e., 6 classes of discourse), we discuss our two contributions: 1) the description of three pairs of emplaced organisational practices of resistance, namely, a) [nonreification/rebuilding], b) [singularization/securitization], and c) [staging/staying] and 2) additional insights into the main descriptive principles of place in MOS, which are uniqueness and delimitation.
Keywords:  workplace, place, liminality, resistance, factory shutdown
Pages : 
DOI :  https://doi.org/10.3917/rips1.075.0177
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2023-75-page-177.htm
 
 
Title :  The Intensification of Workplaces: From the Temporalities of Scene to Plateau
Abstract :  Historically or more metaphysically, the spatial and temporal unity of modes of organization is today widely questioned. Digitization, the pandemic, the climate crisis, a more decentralized management or even multiple geopolitical ruptures have radically transformed the space-time of work and its organization. By entering into the vocabulary and logic of theatre, this essay proposes to describe both a shift and a generative tension between the stage and the room, then the stage and the stage. If the stage is a place in the most usual sense, a well-defined and closed site in the larger space of the world, the set is entirely events captured in the same duration and producers of ephemeral places according to their own topology. More than ever decentered, event-driven and in-depth issues, the places of management must today be intensified, multiplied and put into conversation. Managed as stages, they are now approached as experiments. It is up to “spect-actors” managers to actively build co-presences or intensities that can place their teams in often transitory commonplaces. In a context of the generalization of teleworking, these intensifications of places are more necessary than ever.
Keywords:  intensity, temporalities, stage, plateau, Deleuze
Pages : 
DOI :  https://doi.org/10.3917/rips1.075.0207
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2023-75-page-207.htm
 
 
 
 
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