Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO)
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Volume XIX • Issue 48S • 2013 (Already published)
Guest editor(s): Patrice, Laroche ; Baptiste, Rappin ; Aurélie, Kleber ; Christian, Bourion ; Frank, Bournois
Shadowing and other practices of organizational ethnography
Issue content
Title :  Organizational ethnography today
Author(s) :  Sylvie, Grosjean ; Carole, Groleau
Pages :  13 - 23
Type :  Prologue
APA :  Grosjean, S. et Groleau, C. (2013) L'ethnographie organisationnelle aujourd'hui De la diversité des pratiques pour saisir l'organisation en mouvement . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XIX(48S), pp. 13-23
URL Cairn:
Title :  Organizational ethnography: from the past to the future
Author(s) :  Linda, Rouleau
Abstract :  Recently, we are seeing a strong revival of the ethnographic research in studies on organizational theories and management. While the ethnographic research had been focused on the analysis of bounded organizational situations, it is now giving rise to a diversity of new research forms and practices adapted to the fluid contemporary organizational context. Two ethnographic research experiences, one conducted in the 1990s in a high-end clothing firm and the other conducted in the 2000s during an expedition to an extreme environment, are described and their common and divergent points highlighted. This comparison shows that even if the conditions change, the essence of the ethnographic research, whether the traditional or the new version, remains the researcher’s meeting of the Other. The article offers a reflection on the methodological, theoretical and dissemination challenges and issues associated with the practice of organizational ethnography.
Pages :  27 - 43
Type :  Research paper
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Title :  Toward a « constructivist » and « practice-oriented » organizational ethnography
Author(s) :  Pascal, Lièvre ; Géraldine, Rix-Lièvre
Abstract :  The purpose of this contribution is to provide a theoretical status to an ethnographic organizational posture that we have developed for several years as part of the investigation of a project activity in extreme environments, such as polar expeditions. We call this posture as a « constructivist » and « practice-oriented » organizational ethnography. It is a new form of organizational ethnography: on one hand, the epistemological question of reflexivity is radically addressed; on the other hand, it distinguishes theoretically a practical logic to a discursive logic in order to take into account the specificity of practices.
Pages :  45 - 65
DOI :  10.3917/rips1.hs01.0045
Type :  Research paper
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Title :  On becoming a shadow: Reflecting on shadowing for studying processes of organizing
Author(s) :  Consuelo, Vásquez
Abstract :  Shadowing is a research method, often associated with an ethnographic approach, which involves following a person like a shadow – "walking in his or her footsteps" – through his or her various activities and different movements, taking many field notes or recording. Due to its mobility, flexibility, and its longitudinal nature, shadowing is presented as a privileged method to study work practices (which are increasingly distributed) and the dynamic nature of organizations (Czarniawska, 2007). From my personal experience in doing shadowing in two fieldworks, I propose to reflect on the contributions and challenges of this research method as means for studying processes organizing. More specifically, I focus on the reflexive dimension characterizing shadowing to question the status of the researcher as a shadow, as well as his or her relation with the shadowee.
Pages :  69 - 89
DOI :  10.3917/rips1.hs01.0067
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  Tell me what you are writing, so I can know who you are
Author(s) :  Carole, Groleau
Abstract :  Organizational ethnography takes on many forms, among them shadowing. Organizational shadowing implies following and recording actors during their everyday activities and interactions by using video/audio recording and/or taking fieldnotes. Our study focuses on fieldnotes and interactions pertaining to note-taking during fieldwork. Beyond their content, we argue that notes, recorded during fieldwork, render the work of researcher visible and accessible to others. In a series of vignettes constituted from our own fieldwork, we examine how fieldnotes, in various situations, mediate the relationship between shadower and shadowee. The visibility of the researcher’s note-taking leads to various types of negotiation. These negotiations deal with issues such as the selection of events constituting data as well as the role and authority of both parties involved in shadowing.
Pages :  91 - 107
Type :  Research paper
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Title :  Understanding space in ephemeral organizations: contributions of commented walks
Author(s) :  Nathalie, Raulet-Croset ; Damien, Collard ; Anni, Borzeix
Abstract :  This article examines a particular type of ephemeral organization in which institutional and secular actors are connected resting upon on a strong territorial basis. Their fleeting quality is however compatible with a certain degree of permanency. The authors question the sources and resources of such permanency and insist on the role of space in coordinating collective action, and in this case, in preventing urban incivilities. They call on an unusual method, called Commented Walks, to capture the relation between such organizations and space.
Pages :  109 - 128
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  Visual ethnography to study organizations
Author(s) :  Michaël, Meyer
Abstract :  This article points out key issues of photography as a tool for the visual ethnography of organizations. The photograph as an object of curiosity, discussion, and intersubjective confrontation can indeed be useful for the researcher whose organizations studied have become more and more concerned about their public image. It becomes a pretext to exchange views and to access some backgrounds of the workplace under study. Starting with an historical presentation of visual sociology, sub-discipline that promotes the use of visual data for the fieldwork, the article provides a methodological overview of the use of photography as a catalyst for the relationship with respondents and as a means of encouraging their speech during ethnographic interviews.
Pages :  131 - 153
Type :  Research paper
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Title :  A microethnographic and multi-situated approach to organizations
Author(s) :  Sylvie, Grosjean
Abstract :  In this paper, we present an organizational ethnography conducted in a firm of land surveyors. The aim of this research is to analyze and understand how an organizational “way of seeing” is interactionally constituted and shared as a means to sustain the production of expertise. To illustrate our approach, we use the metaphor of the "zooming in/out" (Nicolini, 2009, 2013) to discuss the double movement of zoom in on the details of the accomplishment of the daily activities (video recordings of the interactions) and zoom out by following socio-technical agencements (movement through which we expand the scope of the observation).
Pages :  155 - 177
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  In and out of care: Preparing for death within a hospital ward
Author(s) :  Marie-Astrid, Le Theule
Abstract :  Inside a hospital, questions dealing with the dying process are discussed and handled by doctors during negotiations heldwith the medical support team, the family and, on occasion, the patient. In an attempt to determine how death is managed within a hospital ward, we were embedded in the palliative and intensive care unit of a hospital’s geriatric ward for two days a week over a two-year period. Moreover, we shot two weeks of film (including weekends and night shifts) showing the unit’s actual functioning. Our camera captured the work undertaken in support of patients, as well as negotiations held between doctors, nurses, nursing staff, family members and the patient.In relying on recorded notes and filmed segments, we will describe the path followed by a patient through these negotiations and decision-making steps involving doctors, family and patients. This ethnographic project helped generate trust and proximity to these very sensitive moments, with the film providing testimony of behind-the-scenes efforts on behalf of patients. We would like to thank the entire nursing team as well as the patients and their families.
Pages :  179 - 194
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  Ethnography within clinical settings
Author(s) :  André, Côté
Abstract :  Professor Côté will share his experience within the care organization as an ethnographer. He proposes to take some time and reflect on his work that is showcased through his testimonies taken during his stay in the land of clinicians. The purpose of this testimony is to document the ethnographic approach that took place between October 1995 and June 2000, in a regional Quebec specialty hospital going through a major organizational change. He will take advantage of this platform to give us some unexpected discoveries resulting from his research, including the simplicity of the hospital as an organizational entity, and the role of both dominant and integrator of confidence in the transformation of clinical practice. He shares with us fears, his uncertainties and recurring anxieties in terms of access to this field of research, to the observation strategy used, to the dissemination of the data collected as well as the credibility and quality of that data. Finally, he’ll be emphasizing the contribution of the ethnographic approach in order to understand the issues the organizations are facing today.
Pages :  197 - 207
Type :  Epilogue
URL Cairn:
Title :  LES ALCHIMISTES DE LA CONFIANCE, Une histoire des crises monétaires, Jacques GRAVEREAU & Jacques TRAUMAN, Eyrolles, 2013
Author(s) :  Jean Jacques, Pluchart
Pages :  209 - 213
Type :  Book review
URL Cairn:
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