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Volume IV • Issue 06-07 • 1997 (Already published)
 
(Regular issue)
 
Psychoanalysis and organization
 
 
Issue content
 
Title :  Editorial
Author(s) :  Gilles, Amado ; Eugène, Enriquez
Pages :  3 - 6
Type : 
APA :  Amado, G. et Enriquez, E. (1997) Editorial . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(06-07), pp. 3-6
 
 
Title :  Why the psychoanalytical approach to organizations is dysfunctional
Author(s) :  Elliott, Jaques
Abstract :  In this anicle, Elliott Jaques explains why he rejects the conclusions of his first works along with the use of psychoanalysis to help improve the functioning of organization. To produce what he calls "the requisite organization", an adequate system of interconnected roles has to be built with clearly defined responsibilities and powers. This action on the structures is what is essential and it avoids paranoia and makes the use of psychoanalysis unnecessary and even dangerous. Help can he provided for the development of organizations thanks to the discovery of four methods of mental treatment of informarional complexity that would seem to correspond to the different hierarchical strara necessary for any organization.
Keywords:  role, power, psychoanalytical approach, organizations, dysfunctional
Pages :  7 - 14
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Jaques, E. (1997) Pourquoi l'approche psychanalytique des organisations est dysfonctionnelle. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(06-07), pp. 7-14
 
 
Title :  Why psychoanalysis helps us to understand organizations ; a debate with Elliott Jaques
Author(s) :  Gilles, Amado
Abstract :  In his reaction to Elliott Jaques' lecture, Gilles Amado manifests his agreement as to the risks of a reducing use of psychoanalysis but abo maintains the interesr of lwving recourse to rhis discipline. Ir is because organiz? rional roles are assumed hy people. therefore h\' their psychism, that psychoanalysis has a contribution to make . even if the corn.litions for distinguishing the suhconscious mechanisms are not always ,?ery clear or well defined. According to him, there is no ? requis ite organization ? as such. since organizations are cultural and symholic productions, created by human beings. rherefore fa!lihle par excellence. The articulation between the p ychic and the organizational remains an area of exploration for which psychoanalysis should be associared with other human sciences.
Keywords:  psychoanalysis, organization, Elliott, Jaques
Pages :  15 - 22
Type :  Discussion
APA :  Amado, G. (1997) De l'intérêt de la psychanalyse pour comprendre les organisations : une discussion avec Elliott Jaques . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(06-07), pp. 15-22
 
 
Title :  Answer to Gilles Amado
Author(s) :  Elliott, Jaques
Abstract :  In this answer, Elliot! Jaques confirms every point of his initial position. It is necessary to define the roles clearly, to rely on the discoveries of the stages of cognitive development to build an equitable managerial hierarchy, to avoid the intrusion of individual and group psychoanalytical analyses.
Keywords:  Elliott Jaques, Amado,
Pages :  23 - 30
Type :  Response to discussion
APA :  Jaques, E. (1997) Réponse à Gilles Amado. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(06-07), pp. 23-30
 
 
Title :  Psychology and psychoanalysis applied to the world of business. The forgotten precursors of psychosocioloty in France
Author(s) :  Annick, Ohayon
Abstract :  This paper examines the forgotten origins of psychosociology. Between the two world wars, a trend of applied psychology appears in France, out of the academic field, principally in the business area, school and family life. Widely hased on psychoanalysis (and not only the freudien one), this movement, mainly expressed in popular magazines like the Pelman's Institute one: La Psychologie et la Vie), focused learned people, especially catholics, to develop social reforms. After world war II, psychopedagogic and psychosociologic institutions extend this movement. Its pioneers, strougly condamned by psychologists and later by psychoanalysts for scientific and ideologic reasons, falled into oblivion.
Keywords:  applied psychology, applied psychoanalysis, psychosociology
Pages :  31 - 45
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Ohayon, A. (1997) Psychologie et psychanalyse appliquées au monde des affaires. Les précurseurs oubliés de la psychosociologie en France. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(06-07), pp. 31-45
 
 
Title :  Psychosociology of organization and psychoanalysis
Author(s) :  André, Lévy
Abstract :  Psychoanalysis represents more than a set of concepts of theories or of techniques. It corresponds also and above all to a conception of scientific research, which marks a radical break with the dogmas of empirical and positivist thought. From this point of View, it has led to redefine the dialectical relationships between the processes of theory construction and those of intervention practices, underlying the crucial role of the persons subjectively engaged in them. If the attempts to apply psychoanalyis to the treatment of problem-situations in groups and organisations have most often appeared to be vain and illusory, the freudian experience has nevertheless contributed greatly to a profond and lasting remodlelling of the conceptions of social change. These conceptions define the possibilities and the limits of the field within which an analysis of group processes is possible. It is based on the contradictions, as well as on the similarities, between two expressions of rationality: that of the invention of psychoanalyis on one hand, and that of the act of creation of organisations on the other.
Keywords:  Psychosociology of organization, psychoanalysis
Pages :  45 - 58
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Lévy, A. (1997) Psychosociologie des organisations et psychanalyse. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(06-07), pp. 45-58
 
 
Title :  Psychoanalysis in the realm of school : stakes of an application
Author(s) :  Mireille, Cifali ; Francis, Imbert
Abstract :  Where does the application of psychoanalysis come in when related to the realm of pedagogy ? Freud believed that it would be the analysis of the child by a "pedagogue-analyst", Hans Zulliger countered this by taking into account the collective dimension. But at the same time Zulliger remained in the Freudian camp of Croup psychology and the analysis of tbe ego. The community was held by the power of fascination of the master. It was not until the work of Bion and its influence on Lacan that Freud's theory of the predominance of "vertical identification" over "horizontal identification" was called into question. This led to a new understanding or the application of psychoanalysis to pedagogy wich was to be developed by Institutional pedagogy.
Keywords:  psychoanalysis, school, application
Pages :  59 - 78
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Cifali, M. et Imbert, F. (1997) La psychanalyse dans le champ scolaire : enjeux d'une application . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(06-07), pp. 59-78
 
 
Title :  The interest of psychoanalysis in the treatment of the psychic reality of/in an institution
Author(s) :  René, Kaes
Abstract :  The interest of psychoanalysis in treating psychical reality of institution and psychical reality into institution is outline? several times through freudian speculatives ideas. But it's only since second war end, thourgh ideas renowal, institutionnal practices and psychiatrie institution affected by psychoanalytical trend of ideas. According to psychoanalytical studies about groups and instituted linkings pathology, the notion of an institutionnal psychical reality becomes apparent and specifies the psychical functions that institution provides to the subjects. The author undlerlines how the functions of inconcious alliances contribute to the construction of an intersubjective whole. He shows the interest of modern concepts: setting, continer fonction, institutional wrapping up, representability setting and symbolisation work.
Keywords:  psychoanalysis, institution psychic reality
Pages :  79 - 96
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Kaes, R. (1997) L'intérêt de la psychanalyse pour traiter la réalité psychique de/dans l'institution . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(06-07), pp. 79-96
 
 
Title :  Organization and sociopsychoanalysis. How we work
Author(s) :  Mireille, Bitan-Weiszfeld ; Claire, Rueff-Escoubés
Abstract :  This paper presents sociopsychoanalysis, its theoretical and clinical aims, its setting, its organizational procedure. its implements for understanding, facing those of psychoanalysis (function of the setting ; the individual and the group ; act and fantasies). A recall precises the theoretical and clinical concepts drawn up by sociopsychoanalysis since the beginning of the 70s : the Institution ; the homogenous work group : the Act Power, and the conditions of the Act Appropriation Impluse by the persons involved; its practices "Volet 1" and "Volet 2".Excepts from an intervention session "volet 2", and a development upon the role of the analyst in sociopsychoanalysis will help to distinguish levels of approach and clinical interpretation of sociopsychoanalysis compared to those of psychoanalysis.
Keywords:  organisational behavior and psychoanalysis
Pages :  97 - 116
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Bitan-Weiszfeld, M. et Rueff-Escoubés, C. (1997) L'organisation et la sociopsychanalyse Comment nous travaillons . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(06-07), pp. 97-116
 
 
Title :  The institution faced with the double peril of the organization and the unconscious : sociopsychoanalytical trends (1971-1997)
Author(s) :  Gérard, Mendel
Abstract :  Faced with the present organization of work, is the only attitude one of attentive listening to subjectivities, which is indispensable in any case? The author thinks we can do much more. Here the organization of work is defined in its foundation, the divisions of work : social and cultural, hierarchical, technical. The addition of institutional division of work is proposed: each activity, each profession in an establishment only contributes partially to the global act. To counter the negative psychological effects of these divisions of work, sociopsychoanalysis has built an institutional device (homogeneous professional groups, indirect communication) which is integrated long term into the existing organization of work. In the course of interventions since 1971, it has developed a particular social psychology (act-power, movement and act appropriation, psychosociality, ... ). Within the dynamics of the sociopsychological intervention there is opposition between psychosociality and what the author calls subconscious psychofamilialism. This means that the understanding of movements also necessitates a knowledge of psychoanalysis ; and for the latter, as much Winnicot's as Freud's.
Keywords:  organization, subconscious,sociopsychoanaltic perspectives
Pages :  117-128
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Mendel, G. (1997) L'institution au double péril de l'organisation et de l'inconscient perspectives sociopsychanalytiques (1971-1997). Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(06-07), pp. 117-128
 
 
Title :  The subject's "extra step"
Author(s) :  Blaise, Ollivier
Abstract :  Experiments for discussion sening up, have been conceived as to improving interpersonal relationship in the organizations. From performing the experiments, we can distinguish two decisive advantages : on the one hand, the rational task which aims at identifying subjective process invested in action as symptoms ; on the other hand, the investment, hy the intertening person, in the desire that being of other cornes as the subject of his action. This anticipation, at the beginning, has an importance on the future result : to change, in the organization, the recognized status of human subjeclivity.
Keywords:  subject, extra step, boundaries
Pages :  129 - 142
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Ollivier, B. (1997) Le "pas de plus" du sujet . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(06-07), pp. 129-142
 
 
Title :  Psychoanalysis between psychosociology and psychodynamics of work
Author(s) :  Jean-Paul, Dumond
Abstract :  Does psychoanalysis set up a relevant theory to interprate the organizationnal dynamics and the work experience? After comparison between psychosociology and psychodynamics of work, it seems that psychoanalytic relation is a main reference for the psychosociologists - they infer from it a social link theory - whereas, for the psychodynamics of work, il is amply inadequate to understand the construction of the subject and of the social link. But, the framework of the investigation methods of both approaches are still inspired by psychoanalysis.
Keywords:  Psychoanalysis, psychosociology, psychodynamics of work
Pages :  143 - 156
Type :  Studies
APA :  Dumond, J. (1997) La psychanalyse entre la psychosociologie et la psychodynamique du travail . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(06-07), pp. 143-156
 
 
Title :  Work psychodynamics and psychosociology
Author(s) :  Gilles, Amado ; Eugène, Enriquez
Abstract :  This paper is a reply to Christophe Dejours criticisms towards psychosociology which appeared in the previous issue of this journal. The author, whilst recalling all the importance given to the tasks by the consultants and researchers of the Tavistock Inslitute, show why French psychosociologists tackle work as an aspect of the organization. For them, it is the organization which creates the deepest alienation nowadays, through the various attempts to capture the desire of its members. The authors also show that, contrary to Dejours'assertion, contlict has been at the core of psychosociology since Lewin and that French psychosociologisb try to articulate social and psychic determinisms in order to understand behaviour and favour a true democracy. For them, work psychodynamics can be considered as one of the branches of psychosociology.
Keywords:  Work psychodynamics, psychosociology
Pages :  157 - 168
Type :  Studies
APA :  Amado, G. et Enriquez, E. (1997) Psychodynamique du travail et psychosociologie. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(06-07), pp. 157-168
 
 
Title :  Role playing and psycho-sociological intervention
Author(s) :  Jean-Pierre, Minary
Abstract :  It is most common nowadays within human relation training groups to use role playing and sculptures among other methods. Quite a few training social workers have found therein a new pedagogical technique which is most convenient. Yet, psychosociologists, due to their clinical prerequisites and demands, have to disengage themselves from some of these practices Which tend often too daemagogically to use, and abuse of.,role playing.
Keywords:  role playing, psychosociological intervention
Pages :  169 - 184
Type :  Studies
APA :  Minary, J. (1997) Le jeu de rôle et l'intervention psychosociologique . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(06-07), pp. 169-184
 
 
Title :  Elliott Jaques' concept of "requisite organization"
Author(s) :  Fred, Emery
Abstract :  Fred Emery's paper is a sharp criricism of Elliott Jaques' approach to organisational design as exposed in his works: "The requisite organization" and "The general theory of bureaunacy". While recognising Jaques' ability "to make organisations work" F. Emery reproaches some basic confusion in his thinking. Jaques for example poses that the master-servant" relation is a task mediated relation. In fact, it is in essence a relation marked by domination, in which task mediation plays only a secondary part. Jaques also advocates the thesis of a radical separation between hierarchy and voluntary association. ln some way, hierarchy in Jaques' views, is antinomic to the notion of team work Accordingly. it is incumbent on hierarchy to coordinate subordinates work and not on the latter. Such a conception, as F. Emery emphasizes, leads unreasonably to do without the competence of the experts in this matter, who are those who perform the task, that is to say the memhers of the "informal group of peers". Contrary to Jaques' axiom, individuals can be held accountable to their' own groups, not only to the managers. Jaques also mixes up the order in which decision are made and the order of social status, maybe revealing that he has little regard for execution as against programming and planning. Lastly, he wrongly likens the difficulty of the task to its complexity while these two notions are fundamentally different
Keywords:  Elliott Jaques, concept, requisite organization
Pages :  185 - 194
Type :  Studies
APA :  Emery, F. (1997) Le concept "d'organisation requise" d'Elliott Jaques . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(06-07), pp. 185-194
 
 
Title : 
Author(s) :  Max, Pagès
Pages :  195 - 196
Type :  Book review
APA :  Pagès, M. (1997) Jacqueline BARUS-MICHEL, Florence GIUST-DESPRAIRIES, et Luc RIOEL. Crises, approche psychosociale clinique. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(06-07), pp. 195-196
 
 
Title : 
Author(s) :  Eugène, Enriquez
Pages :  197 - 203
Type :  Book review
APA :  Enriquez, E. (1997) Vincent DE GAULEJAC: Les sources de la honte. La lutte des places.. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(06-07), pp. 197-203
 
 
Title : 
Author(s) :  Jacqueline, Barus-Michel
Pages :  204 - 205
Type :  Paper review
APA :  Barus-Michel, J. (1997) Ophélia AVRON : La pensée scénique, groupe et psychodrame . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(06-07), pp. 204-205
 
 
Title : 
Author(s) :  André, Lévy
Pages :  206-209
Type :  Book review
APA :  Lévy, A. (1997) Blaise OLLIVIER : L'acteur et le sujet, vers un nouvel acteur économique. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(06-07), pp. 206-209
 
 
Title : 
Author(s) :  Gilles, Amado
Pages :  208 - 210
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Amado, G. (1997) Max PAGÈS, Didier VAN DEN HOVE : Le travail d'exister. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(06-07), pp. 208-210
 
 
Title : 
Author(s) :  Joseph, Torrente
Pages :  210 - 2016
Type :  Book review
APA :  Torrente, J. (1997) Yves CLOT, ed. : Les histoires de la psychologie du travail . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(06-07), pp. 210-2016
 
 
 
 
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