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Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO)
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The FNEGE 2022 ranking of management journals, officially published at the end of June, places RIPCO in Rank 3. RIPCO launches a new special issue: The inclusive organization. Read more about SUBMIT
   
   
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Volume XXVII • Issue 71 • 2021 (Already published)
 
Guest editor(s): Philippe, Mairesse ; Géraldine, Schmidt ; Yoann, Bazin
 
Arts and organizations: from individuals to structures, the inseparable aesthetic dimension of politics
 
More than three decades after the first international special issue devoted to the relationship between art and organizations, and almost twenty years after the only RIPCO issue devoted to the arts, this special issue will take the aesthetic perspective to examine the articulation between the personal, interpersonal and structural dimensions of organizational life, and the role that art can play in it. We will explore how and why art and its practices could influence organizational behaviors, perceptions, representations and research. We live a time when calls for affect, creation, innovation, imagination, intuition, play and improvisation, supposedly necessary to manage. contemporary organizations in an increasingly complex and unpredictable world, are becoming more widespread. Our aim is therefore to synthesize the trends in the field, make them accessible to Francophone researchers and place French research on these subjects in an international perspective. Our objective, by taking the aesthetic perspective, is to rethink the link between the human and structures, in the editorial line of the journal, i.e. to reflect about the link between the subjective and concrete experience of members and the abstraction of organizational concepts and political processes, from the individual micro to the meso and the macro levels. How do the pragmatist, phenomenological, interactionist and constructivist perspectives, from which studies on organizational aesthetics are derived, help to understand the relationships between aesthetic, strategic, and political dimensions, in parallel with or in addition to neo-institutionalist, performative or cognitivist perspectives?
 
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Issue content
 
Title :  Arts and organizations: From individuals to structures, the inseparable aesthetic dimension of politics
Author(s) :  Philippe, Mairesse ; Géraldine, Schmidt ; Yoann, Bazin
Pages :  07 - 12
DOI :  10.3917/rips1.071.0007
Type :  Introduction
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2021-71-page-7.htm
 
 
Title :  Trans-Formational Qualities of the Dys-&-Functional – The interplay of the questioning Senses of Real, the quest for a Sense of the Possible and enacting a Sense of the Doable – Non-linear perspectives on spiraling moves
Author(s) :  Wendelin, Küpers
Abstract :  The paper outlines some critical, imaginative and utopian as well as pragmatic dimensions and qualities of art and aesthetics that are of transformative value for organisation and leadership studies and practice. In particular, the transformational potential of artistic and aesthetic processes refers to their capacity to question the ‘sense of the real’ and yielding a ‘sense of the possible’ – as described by Musil in his book ‘Man Without Qualities’ – supplemented by a ‘sense of the doable’. With their critical capacity to call into question the locked senses of what is ‘real’ and offering imaginative, utopian, perspectives on what is or might be possible, creative qualities of art and aesthetics can function critically and liberating. Both can be complemented with a more pragmatic sense of what can be done concretely differently, and all together provide transformational qualities that are highly relevant for realities and practices of leadership and organisations. Based on these senses and related to art and aesthetics then linearity and linear lines are problematised and the role of twisted, chiasmic lines and cycles outlined. By concluding some implications and perspectives are discussed.
Keywords:  Art, aesthetics, sense, transformation, non-linearity
Pages :  13 - 36
DOI :  10.3917/rips1.071.0013
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2021-71-page-13.htm
 
 
Title :  ‘Scritptology’ The Art of Édouard Louis (re-)viewed
Author(s) :  Hugo, Letiche
Abstract :  The authorial ‘I’ of organization and business scholarship has been accused of being too rational, excessively blind to the plight of the marginalized poor, too self-centred, comfortable and opportunistic. There is a problem here of the selection of focus, themes and pragmatics. And there is a problem of the ‘writing’ process itself – that is, of language, style and text. Much has been written about the former, but very little about the ‘scriptology’ or the writing process (Rhodes, 2019). As readers, we are confronted by everything from sterile, cliched and forced text; to evocative, credible and authentic writing. This article explores the ‘art’ of scriptology. It takes Édouard Louis’ texts of the lifeworld of the economic and socially disadvantaged as its exemplar. If the writing or scriptology is convincingly authentic and powerful, has it succeeded? I will make use of the Lacan/Zizek critique of the relationship between languaging (symbolization) and emancipation, as a foil to explore Louis’ achievement. Louis’ negation of the (French) ‘rust belt’ poverty trap is profoundly moving and authentic. But is a ‘negation of the negation’ necessary for anything to change? And what does that imply for the writing? The writing or scriptology is a key aspect to the ‘process of doing research’, which up to now has been insufficiently explored; this article intends to be a prolegomenon in this much needed direction.
Keywords:  Édouard Louis, ‘scriptology’, art of writing, ‘negation of the negation’, Slavoj Zizek, Jacques Lacan
Pages :  37 - 53
DOI :  10.3917/rips1.071.0037
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2021-71-page-37.htm
 
 
Title :  Resistances to the aestheticization of the world: scenes and performances.
Author(s) :  Jean-Luc, Moriceau ; Carlos, MAGNO CAMARGOS MENDONÇA ; Isabela, Paes
Abstract :  Lipovetski and Serroy documents an artist capitalism and an aestheticization of the world, where competitiveness is played out in the realm of the sensitive, affects and an exacerbated creativity. The management of aesthetic experiences in organizations imposes a distribution of the sensible, limiting the possibilities of other experiences, voices and styles of existence; it is eminently political in this respect. However, is there not also the appearance of forms of resistance, forming scenes of contestation and subversion of this management? Using an affects-oriented approach, we study the case of the aestheticization imposed in the city of Belo Horizonte (Brazil) and the battles of MCs who divert a disused space and re-populate it with mobilizing and contesting affects. These duels construct an aesthetic experience that challenges the one dramatized by the city, where the staging of the space promotes calm, luxury and voluptuousness in the centre, which is conducive to consumption. The contrast makes it possible to grasp the extent to which aestheticization imposes a glance, the selective listening of certain voices, an occupation of space, a repositioning of the public and the common, an order in which each person remains in his or her place. If aestheticization promotes a theatricalisation, it is a theatre of representation and not of repetition, which fights against scenes that propose a different distribution of the sensible. Atheatre as opposed to performances, where the bodies of those who feel they have no voice play their own role and place. In a perspective quite different from that of an exchange of rational arguments in the public space, the case uncover a guerrilla warfare of the sensible, where bodies, affects, territories and performances are at the heart of what is played out in cities and organizations.
Keywords:  aesthetization of the world, distribution of the sensitive, MC battles, affects, performance, urban management, theatricalization.
Pages :  55 - 74
DOI :  10.3917/rips1.071.0055
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2021-71-page-55.htm
 
 
Title :  Art and Aesthetics in Sustainability Education Insights into Beautifying Management Education with François Jullien
Author(s) :  Sybille, Persson ; Paul, SHRIVASTAVA ; Laszlo, Zsolnai
Abstract :  On the one hand, beauty is a concept well propounded in Western and Eastern art and aesthetics but the Chinese perspective is often ignored, especially in education. On the other hand, aesthetic practices are increasingly used in management education. The purpose of this theoretical article is to question the conceptual basis of art and aesthetics used in management education in order to foster sustainability education. Our specific approach is to open a dialogue with the Chinese conception of aesthetics, particularly focusing on its links to life and flourishing. In looking at different conceptions of beauty in Western and Chinese thoughts, we go over the dominant Western perspective. We provide a non-ethnocentric conception of beauty and offer relevant insights into beautifying management education. Three stages mark this conceptual article on the challenges of beauty in management in the context of sustainability. First, we present and analyze the living ARTEM case, a 20-year experience in higher education in France. Second, we question the Western concept of “beautiful” vis-à-vis the Chinese relational view of beauty as interpreted by philosopher and sinologist Francois Jullien. Finally, we analyze the potential of beauty to sustainably “enliven” management education. We suggest that beauty, in line with the concept of connivance as suggested by Jullien, can serve as an enlivenement process to beautify management and business education. Connivance works as a sensory and relational knowledge, especially adapted to better understand and mobilize aesthetics practices in sustainability education.
Keywords:  aesthetics, beauty, enlivenment, sustainability, business education
Pages :  75 - 98
DOI :  10.3917/rips1.071.0075
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2021-71-page-75.htm
 
 
Title :  Becoming Monk
Author(s) :  Luc, Peters
Abstract :  Organization is built on the rudiments of the monastery and monastic life. In this the cell plays a crucial part, as the space for contemplation and thinking. However, according to Peter Sloterdijk thinking becomes problematic as the monkish cell offers no messages because God doesn’t answer. The question is if this is also the case for organization. In other words can thinking in organization result in a fruitful endeavor. To investigate this and to get a sense of of any possible options I have retreated into a monastery on two separate occasions. This implies living with the monks and being able to contemplate in my own cell. This can be referred to as becoming monk. The monasteries that I lived in are from the benedictine monk and architect Dom van der Laan and from the architect and artist Le Corbusier together with modern composer and architect Xenakis. Both of these monasteries are specific structures as these were built as Gesamtkunstwerke. This means that it is not just the cell that plays its part but the whole assemblage. With the help of the Heidegerrian notion of Hütten-Dasein and the Serresian notion of becoming-musician I indulged in cell being and becoming monk. This investigation reveals relevant information on organization, architecture, thinking and monastic life.
Keywords:  monastery, cell, Gesamtkunstwerk, becoming, organization
Pages :  99 - 118
DOI :  10.3917/rips1.071.0099
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2021-71-page-99.htm
 
 
Title :  The disgrace of Nicolas Bourriaud. The figure of the “creative leader” and the criteria of legitimacy in the art world
Author(s) :  Elen, Riot
Abstract :  Nicolas Bourriaud orchestrated his departure from the Ecole des Beaux-Arts de Paris after he was dismissed by the Minister of Culture. He stages a parodic show before his office in the Academy of Fine Arts, a ceremony I attended. I put this episode in perspective to better understand what circumstances caused this scandal and what ensued in the art world. To better explain what is at stake, I identify a role, that of the “creative leader”, who is supposed to fulfill all the missions pertaining to the direction of large cultural and artistic institutions today. One must admit that multiple stakeholders, in addition to the line ministry’s expectations, put in jeopardy all forms of accomplishments in this role. Must the creative leader develop new projects or find extra funding to caulk the cracks of the walls? Is change urgent or should long time structural changes, quietly transforming on the cusp of the world, dominate? It seems all of that must be done, right now. Yet many contradictions appear in the present, looking back and looking forward. In this text, our goal is to better understand legitimation and delegitimation processes of the “creative leader” and what it involves for the art world and artists, especially budding artists.
Keywords:  creative leader, legitimacy, legitimating process, discourse, mission, art world, education, artists
Pages :  119 - 146
DOI :  10.3917/rips1.071.0119
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2021-71-page-119.htm
 
 
Title :  The aesthetic approach to the formulation of organizational strategy: the example of a French university
Author(s) :  Vera, Ivanaj ; Sandrine, Berger-Douce
Abstract :  This article explores the way in which the aesthetic approach contributes to reinventing the formation of strategy by thinking outside the box, responding to recent calls for the introduction of more “sensitivity” in the field of strategic management to counter the domination of rationality and positivism. Faced with the pervasiveness of uncertainty, organizations are looking for innovative approaches to think about change. As such, art-based methods seem particularly relevant. This is why an action-research by artistic intervention is carried out by one of the authors within a multidisciplinary French university which serves as a field of investigation to question the potential contributions of an aesthetic approach in the service of the strategy of a specific category of organizations, in this case universities. For several decades, research has emphasized the atypical nature of universities in terms of their relationship to strategy, while these institutions are now faced with paradoxical injunctions requiring them to reinvent themselves to meet the challenges of global competition. The formulation of the strategy seems to be facilitated by the integration of cognitive, emotional and bodily processes that stimulate creativity and lead to an intuitive and imaginative understanding of the meaning of strategy and its complexity. This understanding provides satisfaction and motivation but also changes in behaviors and values at the individual and organizational levels thanks to the evocative power of metaphor and the stimulating energy of drawing and painting.
Keywords:  aesthetic approach, art, action research, strategy, university
Pages :  147 - 184
DOI :  10.3917/rips1.071.0147
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2021-71-page-147.htm
 
 
Title :  Ars longa, vita brevis. Organizational paradoxes through the lens of street art
Author(s) :  Nicolas, Aubouin ; Alexandra, Le Chaffotec ; Jean-Max, Koskievic ; Clémence, Aubert-Tarby
Abstract :  This article aims to renew the dialogue between art and organization by highlighting the role of street art as a revelation of organizational tensions and paradoxes. In order to understand the role of a street art work as an organizational artefact, we analyse it as an artistic practice integrated in a process of institutionalization that puts in tension four key dimensions of organisational analysis: ephemeral/perennial; visible/invisible; individual/collective; improvisation/routines. These dimensions then echo four paradoxical logics of the organization (Smith & Lewis, 2011) that we highlight around the issues of learning, belonging, management and execution. Also, by starting more specifically with the work of the street artist Invader, and in particular his work ‘Dr House’, we reveal the tensions ‘at work’ and ‘into the work’ in organizations, which allows us to highlight three key dimensions of the work as a pedagogical artefact, a driving force for managerial action and for research in management sciences. This work finally suggests a better understanding of the triggering of paradoxes and the accompaniment of paradox management in organizations.
Keywords:  Street art, organizational paradoxes, organizational artefact, art-based research, art thinking
Pages :  185 - 210
DOI :  10.3917/rips1.071.0185
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2021-71-page-185.htm
 
 
Title :  Interview with Silvia Gherardi and Antonio Strati
Author(s) :  Yoann, Bazin
Pages :  213 - 220
DOI :  10.3917/rips1.071.0213
Type :  Interview
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2021-71-page-213.htm
 
 
Title :  Interview with Eve Chiapello
Author(s) :  Philippe, Mairesse ; Géraldine, Schmidt
Pages :  221 - 232
DOI :  10.3917/rips1.071.0221
Type :  Interview
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2021-71-page-221.htm
 
 
Title :  Interview with Pierre Guillet de Monthoux
Author(s) :  Philippe, Mairesse
Pages :  233 - 241
DOI :  10.3917/rips1.071.0233
Type :  Interview
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2021-71-page-233.htm
 
 
 
 
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