Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO)
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Volume XI • Issue 26 • 2006 (Already published)
(Regular issue)
Psychology and Systemic Relations in Organizations
Issue content
Title :  Introduction
Author(s) :  Alex, Mucchielli ; Christian, Bourion
Pages :  5 - 10
DOI :  10.3917/rips.026.0005
Type :  Introduction
APA :  Bourion, C. et Mucchielli, A. (2006) Introduction. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XII(26), pp. 5-10. DOI : 10.3917/rips.026.0005
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Title :  Place of the systemic of communications in the various systemic
Author(s) :  Alex, Mucchielli
Abstract :  The systemics: mathematical, cybernetic, functionalist, relational and communicational are presented. The article highlights the essential differences between the first three and the last two. The mathematical, cybernetic and functionalist systemics belong to a positive-deductive paradigm and the relational and communicational systemics belong to an interpretative –constructionist paradigm. So, to speak of a “systemic” analysis of something does not make much sense. It has to be specified which sort of systemic is involved. With concrete examples, the article then shows that the systemic of communications is a true qualitative approach with specific concepts and its own method. This demonstration is effected above all by examining critically the contributions of the Palo Alto School. They laid down the bases of a real “systemic of communications” while leaving untended the method of systemic modelling that should accompany it. The article also shows that this kind of method of systemic modelling of communications can lay claim to a separate place in the field of the various disciplines, since it can be used by all these disciplines to model meaningful exchanges.
Keywords:  System, communication, cybernetics, functionalism, systemism, systemic, relational system, systems of communication, qualitative epistemology, constructivism
Pages :  11 - 61
DOI :  10.3917/rips.026.0011
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Mucchielli, A. (2006) Place de la systémique des communications dans les diverses systémiques. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XII(26), pp. 11-61. DOI : 10.3917/rips.026.0011
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Title :  Organizational intervention: a question of systemic legitimacy
Author(s) :  François, Pichault
Abstract :  Starting from a critical review of the literature and our own experience of intervention, this article tries to identify the specificities of intervention in an organisation from a systemic point of view. In particular it tackles the question of the power of the intervenor, i.e. his ability to modify the representations of the actors who make up the client system. This question amounts to tackling the various strategies of legitimisation that the intervenor is likely to implement to bring his work to a successful conclusion: - the legitimisation of the intervenor, based on his effective competence, the recognition that he enjoys (reputation), his accumulated experience, the impartiality that he demonstrates, etc.; - the legitimisation of the contents of the intervention, linked either to the coherence of the knowledge produced thanks to the intervention compared with the representations of the actors concerned, or the nature of the information gathered thanks to his position as an analyst; - the legitimisation of the manner of intervention, the details of which (complexity and degree of elaboration, length, terms and means of restitution) should be constantly negotiated with the various protagonists and adapted to the specific context of the intervention. The article discusses the different forms that these strategies of legitimisation can assume, by using a contextualist analysis framework.
Keywords:  contextualism, intervention, process, legitimacy, power, client-system, methodology, point of entry, relation, expertise
Pages :  63 - 96
DOI :  10.3917/rips.026.0063
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Pichault, F. (2006) L'intervention en organisation : une question de légitimation systémique. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XII(26), pp. 63-96. DOI : 10.3917/rips.026.0063
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Title :  Brief Systemic Intervention For an application, out of therapeutic field, of the model of problem solving developed in Brief Therapy
Author(s) :  Denis, Benoit ; Frédérique, Perez-Benoit
Abstract :  The aim of this contribution is to envisage the key principles of « brief systemic therapy » applied outside the strict « psychotherapeutic » framework; a therapy which then takes on an original name: « brief systemic intervention ». After specifying the contents of the essential notions used by this model of action on/in organisations (in the widest sense of the term) – and which, fundamentally, aims to solve the problems which, continuously, keep appearing -, our article considers two particular cases, in which the various concepts listed have been used for the very great benefit of the protagonists involved.
Keywords:  cybernetic, business, problem / solution, reframing, strategy, therapy, client
Pages :  97 - 141
DOI :  10.3917/rips.026.0097
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Benoit, D. et Perez-Benoit, F. (2006) L'Intervention Systémique Brève Pour une application, hors champ thérapeutique, du modèle de résolution de problèmes développé en Thérapie Brève. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XII(26), pp. 97-141. DOI : 10.3917/rips.026.0097
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Title :  For a systemic approach to the quality of relations Study of a technological project for a professional medical organization
Author(s) :  Sophie, Vaillies
Abstract :  This article tackles the systemic analysis of communications in a technological context of conception-realisation of TIC tools. Based on a case study in the field of the medical profession, we will make a systemic analysis of communications and we will show how interesting this methodological approach is in the understanding of professional situations and in particular situations of conducting actions. Based on our experience, we will specifically emphasise the contribution of analysis for intervention in the field.
Keywords:  systemic approach, understanding, relations, simplification, situations of conception-realisation of TIC tools
Pages :  143 - 177
DOI :  10.3917/rips.026.0143
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Vaillies, S. (2006) Pour une approche systémique de la qualité des relations. Étude d'un projet technologique pour un organisme médical professionnel. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XII(26), pp. 143-177. DOI : 10.3917/rips.026.0143
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Title :  Constructive interactivity of human relations: the eternal return to Palo Alto?
Author(s) :  Max, Poty
Abstract :  The Palo Alto studies still serve as a reference to researchers who examine communication processes. None of them refutes the principle of cogenerating relational systems formulated by Paul Watzlawick and his friends, adopting for themselves the interactive approaches, in the context of a pragmatic observation method the applications of which have concerned, from the beginning, group dynamics and brief psychotherapy. But although we ought to consider, one after the other in terms of validity, the axioms that result from this observation as a state of the context and the forces present, determining a place for exchanges liable to build or to modify its actors, we should also recognise the limits emphasised by Watzlawick himself of a systematic, literal interpretation of cause and effect, which require in-depth research using the communicational circles described by the Palo Alto School. Some pursue their thinking further in this direction, anxious to preserve the speculative capacity of the approach. For there is no question of saying one is a Palo Altoan as some declare themselves to be Freudian, or even Lacanian. The heuristic conscience is not satisfied with either exhaustiveness, or a proselytes contentment, which by nature is reductionist. What makes the vitality of a logic, a fortiori of communication, is the possibility of questioning it then prolonging the debate that it launches. Without excluding a return to Palo Alto.
Keywords:  interexchange, interaction, system, other, human relations, model, behaviour, change
Pages :  179 - 210
DOI :  10.3917/rips.026.0179
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Poty, M. (2006) Interactivité constructive des relations humaines : L'éternel retour à Palo Alto ?. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XII(26), pp. 179-210. DOI : 10.3917/rips.026.0179
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Title :  Systemic interventions in organizations. Integration of contributions from Mintzberg and Palo Alto, De Boeck University, 1998, 160 pages
Author(s) :  Chantal, Huybrechts ; Jean, Nizet
Abstract :  The book Interventions systémiques dans les organisations, presented here by one of its co-authors, has the particularity of distinguishing and articulating two levels of analysis and intervention in work situations: the level that takes into account the strictly organizational factors (relating to the structure of the organization, the distribution of power, etc.) and the level that focuses on interpersonal relations. Taking these two levels into account allows the intervener to enrich his or her means of action and to better adjust them to the specificities of the situations in which he or she intervenes.
Pages :  211 - 214
DOI :  10.3917/rips.026.0211
Type :  Book review
APA :  Huybrechts, C. et Nizet, J. (2006) Interventions systémiques dans les organisations. intégration des apports de Mintzberg et de Palo Alto, De Boeck Université, 1998, 160 pages. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XII(26), pp. 211-214. DOI : 10.3917/rips.026.0211
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Title :  Etude des communications : approche par la modélisation des relations, Armand Colin, 2004, 192 pages
Author(s) :  Alex, Mucchielli
Pages :  215 - 225
DOI :  10.3917/rips.026.0215
Type :  Book review
APA :  Mucchielli, A. (2006) Etude des communications : approche par la modélisation des relations, Armand Colin, 2004, 192 pages . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XII(26), pp. 215-225. DOI : 10.3917/rips.026.0215
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