Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO)
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Volume XXIV • Issue 57 • 2018 (Already published)
Guest editor(s): Jean-Luc, Moriceau
Describe the qualitative
Issue content
Title :  Writing the qualitative: Reflexive writing, writing the plural, writing as performance
Author(s) :  Jean-Luc, Moriceau
Abstract :  Writing lies at the heart of qualitative research, even though sometimes constrained by academic journals formats. It is a work of reflexivity and theoretical deepening. Qualitative writings have multiplied, moving away from representation, to discover new fields and to think their political effects. They make us each time fashion a voice. Less authoritarian, feminine, postcolonial, dialogical voices are for example being crafted. They are also performances, putting the thought and the position of the reader in motion, or have him or her taking care of the vulnerable and the sensitive. This article is a call to not lose such a know-how and instead to develop new writings.
Keywords:  reflexive writing, plural writing, writing as performance
Pages :  45 - 67
Type :  Research paper
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Title :  Describing for theorizing
Author(s) :  Hervé, Dumez
Abstract :  The article begins by showing the paradoxes of description : a neutral and objective description is an impossibility; description can take various forms and can expand or contract (accordion effect). Then, the paper focuses on the possible scientific role of the description, which is essentially to shake the ideas and theories commonly accepted. Finally, it gives some insights on how to construct a theoretical description, which involves taking a minimal view, excluding, and then developing a series of other points of view adding one by one the excluded elements.
Keywords:  description, theory, descriptive point of view, accordion effect
Pages :  75 - 90
Type :  Research paper
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Title :  The researcher writes
Author(s) :  Andreù, Sole
Abstract :  Whatever his discipline is, what does the researcher do when he is working at his desk, in a laboratory, or on the field ? He is writing, in particular. This paper focuses on the link between science, research activity and writing. When he is writing an article, a book or a communication for a congress, the researcher tells a story (or a set of stories). As will be seen, the content given to the word “story” relieves it from all pejorative or critic connotations. The “scientific stories” written by the scientist aim to make a reality – a “reality” shared by other researchers. The researcher is a “story teller”, a “reality maker”. That is the thesis – of anthropologic nature – exposed herein.
Keywords:  science, language, writing, researcher’s activity, reality, “reality maker”, “story teller”, “scientific story”
Pages :  91 - 106
Type :  Research paper
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Title :  Subversive writing : the performativity of ordinary people’s speech in Jacques Rancière’s method of equality
Author(s) :  Ana Karina, de Carvalho Oliveira ; Ângela Cristina, Salgueiro Marques
Abstract :  The aim of this article is to reflect on Rancière’s method of equality and how it implements a dissensual operation that removes objects, subjects and discourses from their usual place in everyday and conventional interpretative frameworks and reintroduces them into the field of inventions of different forms of language, manifestations and arguments. The inspiration that Rancière has found in Foucault’s work helps us firstly to understand the place of fabulation in the writing of the ordinary man and the political and subversive aspects of its literarity. We emphasize that the method of equality questions us about the construction of new forms of academic writing that leaves room for other theorizations than those of professional theorists and about the status of other non-academic texts in the production of a poetics of knowledge.
Keywords:  method of equality, poetics of knowledge, Foucault, Rancière, literarity
Pages :  113 - 132
Type :  Research paper
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Title :  Writing objects / Letting the objects write themselves
Author(s) :  Nicolas, Bencherki
Abstract :  Calls are multiplying for qualitative researchers to ‘position’ their knowledge. They are invited to exercise more reflexivity (Harding, 1991 ; Rose, 1997). Positionality is presented as an ethical imperative, guarding the researcher against the temptation to impose their own categories or forms of knowledge to the people being studied. Indeed, research should leave all the necessary space for subjects’ voices to express themselves (Nagar-Ron et Motzafi-Haller, 2011 ; Spivak, 1988). But what of research concerning things rather than people ? What voices can be carried when research participants are objects, rather than subjects ? What is the researcher’s ethical responsibility towards objects ? Building on the work of Bruno Latour (1994) on interobjectivity, I propose that the ‘objective’ researcher is not the one who dismisses the imperative of positionality and the invitation to let participants express their voice. On the contrary, the objective researcher precisely gives a voice to objects and is on the lookout for their own expressive modalities. This paper reveals that strategies already exist to make objects speak, that qualitative researchers could adopt.
Keywords:  materiality, spokesperson, discourse, bifurcation of nature, organizational communication, CCO
Pages :  133 - 152
Type :  Research paper
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Title :  Narrating qualitative research: some unconventional sources of inspiration
Author(s) :  Hervé, Laroche
Abstract :  Writing about a large, qualitative inquiry, whether in a dissertation, a book or a scientific article, raises a number of specific issues. This article explores the issues related to the building of the narrative(s) that will give an account of the research. The range of options for structuring this account (i.e. writing about the data and/or the findings) is much wider than in the case of a quantitative research ; moreover, the chosen narrative structure is in itself a way of conveying the meaning intended by the writer and has to be determined in this light. In this article, the proposed solutions to this issue should be taken as inspiring ideas rather than as ready-to-use recipes. These sources of inspiration have deliberately been drawn from fields that are foreign to business and management studies, fields in which these writing issues are crucial. Examples will be built from fiction writing, investigative journalism, documentary photography, and comics ; and we will discuss their transposition or adaptation to business and management research inquiries. With these sources of inspiration and the resulting suggestions, we invite authors to free themselves, at least partially, from the too easily accepted norms of scientific writing, so that they can make the best out of their research findings and contributions.
Keywords:  qualitative research, writing, narrative
Pages :  157 - 178
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  Reframing management research manufacturing by using fiction: A tribute to Italo Calvino’s American Lessons
Author(s) :  Amaury, Grimand
Abstract :  This paper questions the potential of fiction as a legitimate research strategy in management. We draw on the famous Italian writer Italo Calvino to shed light on the way one could reframe the process of doing management research. In particular, we borrow from Italo Calvino’s American Lessons - a series of lectures which were to be given at Harvard - the values of literature that Calvino felt were important for the coming millennium, namely : Lightness, Exactitude, Visibility, Multiplicity. Each of this value help us define the potential contribution of fiction to management research.
Keywords:  fiction, management research, Italo Calvino
Pages :  179 - 193
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  How fiction may represent the organization
Author(s) :  Amira, Laifi ; Olivier, Germain
Abstract :  Organizational studies researchers focus on primary data in the conduct of their research ; knowledge is a priori only to occur with a reachable real. In this sense, fiction in its different forms can only have, at best, a pretense of illustrating organizational phenomena, insofar as it can’t claim the status of knowledge. Suggesting that scientific knowledge is of value equivalent to fictional knowledge and after having posed the stakes surrounding the relation between fact and fiction, this article examines the different possibilities of fiction for understanding organizational phenomena.
Keywords:  fiction, facts, truth, reality, qualitative methods
Pages :  195 - 208
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  Text and play in academic writing: a metaphor to seek the sensible
Author(s) :  Carlos Magno, Camargos Mendonça ; Filipe, Alves de Freitas
Abstract :  Qualitative research writing would be better off approached as a play, rather than as a representation. Basing on Wolfgang Iser’s œuvre, we intend to highlight the role of play in the production, and especially in the reading of the text. A literary text is an event and comprises non-familiar elements. The reader won’t decode the text, but perceive a discrepancy with his or her expectations, and thus will actively seek to make sense ; and as reading unfolds, update his sensemaking. Text is a performance, and the reader tries and understands how it is constituted, deriving aesthetical pleasure. Scholarly text should reflect on how they create such ‘performatic’ effects on their readers.
Keywords:  qualitative writing, Wolfgang Iser, text as play, aesthetic experience, performance
Pages :  217 - 229
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  Just when my management researcher’s heart started to cry
Author(s) :  Jean-Philippe, Denis
Abstract :  Research in strategic management has developed an art that it has consumed up to its excess : the one of talking about nothing. And especially not about irritating topics. This is how it became inaudible : because it had nothing to say, nothing to propose, nothing to suggest, nothing to impulse. Nothing. Of course, one may say it is an exaggeration. A caricature. This is obviously right however it is this feeling that led the author to engage in scientific adventures of a new kind : getting involved in the trial that pitted Jérôme Kerviel against Société Générale. The following diary, held in 2011 and 2012, reflects this engagement, reproduced as it was written, without modification, just followed by a note dated 2018. It describes the investigation as it unfolds, far from the usual methodological paragraphs, uncovering the construction of a voice, the difficulties of reflexivity and performativity. It says nothing but what the author can say, armed with management sciences, about the development of his inquiry. Keywords
Keywords:  Kerviel, Société Générale, justice, law, control, management science, Deleuze, jurisprudence
Pages :  231 - 262
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  The cocktail or About War in Business Affairs
Author(s) :  Jean-Luc, Moriceau
Abstract :  In a cocktail party celebrating a strategic success, some participants are asked to pay tribute to Polemos. Several insights into struggles and fights inside business affairs will be exposed – however is Polemos only inside the discourses, is not he also one of the guests ?
Keywords:  writing as performance, Polemos, conflict, competition, recognition
Pages :  263 - 274
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  Some reflections on the history of french managerial thought
Author(s) :  Cédric, Poivret
Abstract :  Management sciences, conversely to the other social sciences, have not developed in France research about the French history of their discipline. In this communication, we try to this prove this weakness, and to find elements of explanation.
Keywords:  history of management thought in France, organization science, forgetting of history
Pages :  275 - 295
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  A philosophical reading of the banking revolution
Author(s) :  Jean-Jacques, Pluchart
Abstract :  This exploratory research raises the problem of the contradiction between the desire of consumption and the need of banking debts. It explains the evolution of the practices experimented by the European retail banks to attract, develop loyalty and “re-enchant” their customers and their prospects. Il analyzes the new banking practices in the light of the philosophical concepts of “involved in debt man” and “wishing machine” proposed by Deleuze and Guattari.
Keywords:  involved in debt, man wishing machine, banking revolution
Pages :  297 - 319
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  The “necessary” knowledge is-it today a master enough for the conduct of men? What unifying beliefs still exist in businesses and communities?
Author(s) :  Baptiste, Rappin ; Christian, Bourion ; Florian, Sala ; Georges, Botet-Pradeilles
Abstract :  What beliefs enterprise to maintain now in businesses and communities? A conceptual baggage authenticated by an ideal university, certified by an MBA, or a school diploma, designates the heads sought by the ruling oligarchies companies and institutions. Of course, this label is not enough to make a leader because the managerial adventure is always profoundly human, therefore irrational with its magical expectations from childhood and this need for emotional communions where identity and Belonging. Federating the common activity around a project is made of subtle exchanges that exceed the purely functional logics of the economy and organizations. The human dimension, still made of emotions and passions in a transformed world, remains linked to the peculiar strangeness of desire and the unspeakable of anguish ... The statement, developed by the three authors, originated from the first Congresses of Metz around the philosophy of management. It aims at the opening of a reflection without will demonstrative reductive and without complacency, sometimes an ironic strand, on the new « managerial » surprises, often animated by (too?) beautiful conceptual and methodological claims. « Science without conscience is only ruin of the soul » already indicated Rabelais. It is possible that the management, without a symbolic human sense of shared, beyond the operational necessity, is only social bankruptcy of the collective.
Keywords:  conceptual idealism, grip, scientism, reflective impasse, psychoanalytic posture
Pages :  321 - 365
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
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