Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO)
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Volume V • Issue 13 • 1999 (Already published)
(Regular issue)
Social practices of money
Issue content
Title :  Introduction
Author(s) :  Véronique, Guienne ; Jean-Philippe, Bouilloud
Pages :  3 - 8
Type :  Introduction
APA :  Bouilloud, J. et Guienne, V. (1999) Introduction . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(13), pp. 3-8
Title :  The ambivalence of money
Author(s) :  Simonetta, Tabboni
Abstract :  The author tries to show the nature of the relation between, on the one hand the many sociological works on the ambivalence of modernity and its driving force money, and on the other hand the studies devoted to the ambivalence of the actor, that is the sociological ambivalence. At the end of this examination, the author proposes to speak about ambivalence when the actor finds himself engaged in, or attracted to, types of conduct that are opposed to each other and at the same time inseparable with respect to the finalities that the actor hopes to reach.
Keywords:  ambivalence, money, modernity
Pages :  15 - 24
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Tabboni, S. (1999) L'ambivalence de l'argent . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(13), pp. 15-24
Title :  Being and having - Stages in psychological evolution
Author(s) :  Ilana, Reiss-Schimmel
Abstract :  This article deals with the relation between social science and money from a psychoanalytical perspective. Discussion of the myth of the god Hermes, curiously patron of thieves as well as tradesmen, makes it possible to describe the stages of psychological evolution in which pregenital phantasies of taking possession, so of stealing, evolve towards a desire to trade with others when a level of genital organisation had been reached. The various types of conduct linked with money can be explained using unconscious symbolic significance that the phantasies of each of these stages confer on it. It can be seen that the rush towards having is linked to the identity lack of the pregenital structures whereas the genital structures lead to desacralising money.
Keywords:  being, having, psychic evolution, evolution
Pages :  25 - 36
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Reiss-Schimmel, I. (1999) Être et avoir - Stades d'évolution psychique . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(13), pp. 25-36
Title :  Some considerations on the symbolic function of money in psychoanalysis
Author(s) :  Gilles, Arnaud
Abstract :  Lacan first pointed out that money is a representative for the Symbolic in itself. Indeed, the function of money, like language, is to "denote" all sorts of objects. As far as this function of pure signifier is concerned, some of the stakes and mutations involving money as currencies (arrival of Euro, proliferation of forged currencies, etc.) are likely to distort Man's relation to the Symbolic. They challenge and threaten our social and cultural system, much more than stock-market crises or other financial disorders can ever do. These may alter this function of signifier, but cannot destroy it from the inside. This contribution is intended to analyse monetary evolutions from this lacanian point of view.
Keywords:  symbolic, function, money, psychoanalysis, Lacan
Pages :  37 - 51
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Arnaud, G. (1999) Quelques considérations sur la fonction symbolique de l'argent pour la psychanalyse. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(13), pp. 37-51
Title :  Lineage money: extorsion, gift and redistribution
Author(s) :  Dominique, Desjeux
Abstract :  Based on two field studies, one carried out in the Congo on the Sundi community at the end of the 1970s focusing on dowry and land income and the other in France on the Corps des Mines at the end of the 1960s, the author suggests that the results have general applications that help explain the balance between meaning and interest that organizes all social life. The circulation of wealth, which may depend on both utility and gift-giving, works under a symbolic constraint, that of "witchcraft" and apparent lack of self-interest is encompassed within power relationships. Moreover, this circulation is embedded within a social relationship, that of networks - tribes in Africa, French national grands corps, guanxi in China, or the Ivy League in the United States - rather than functioning in a pure free market context. Paradoxically, democracy would require not reducing social actors to their meaning or their identity but rather adhering to a social analysis of their interests, which are negotiable.
Keywords:  lineage, money, extorsion, gift, redistribution
Pages :  51 - 60
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Desjeux, D. (1999) L'argent du lignage : extorsion, don et redistribution . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(13), pp. 51-60
Title :  Money, loss: economism and / or oblativity?
Author(s) :  Marie-Louise, Pellegrin-Rescia
Abstract :  Men who engage in "economic" practices in the broad sense of the term, have lived for a very long time on the margins of society: money was not a distinctive sign in itself. Making money, especially, was not not considered "honorable", far from it.
Keywords:  money, loss, economism, oblativity?
Pages :  61 - 73
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Pellegrin-Rescia, M. (1999) L'argent, la perte : économisme et/ou oblativité ?. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(13), pp. 61-73
Title :  Money and the birth of public education: Mirabeau theorist of the school market
Author(s) :  Alain, Le Guyader
Abstract :  The irruption of the market into the plans for reform of the school system invites us to question the concept of Public Education as it was historically drawn up during the French Revolution. It appears that the idea of a school market is in no way foreign to the original conceptions of this institution. That is what this article proposes to show by examining the theory of the school market defended by Mirabeau. This sort of anamnesis also invites us to a wider questioning of the traditions of liberalim.
Keywords:  money, public education, Mirabeau, school market
Pages :  73 - 84
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Le Guyader, A. (1999) L'argent et la naissance de l'instruction publique : Mirabeau théoricien du marché scolaire. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(13), pp. 73-84
Title :  Those who receive allowances from social banks and living money
Author(s) :  Numa, Murard
Abstract :  The transactions that take place at the various desks of the social bank (in particular the family allowances offices) differ from commercial trade in that the counterpart of the money is not a service or goods but a right. This legal conception is granted to the political conception, set out at the revolution, that makes public aid a " sacred debt". The reality of these transactions is very different, revealing the degree of legitimacy of the social State. To prove his poverty, the applicant has to expose his private life. Misfortune is weighed in the hands of the employee, and the transfer of money is the price of this misfortune. The applicant's disengagement, his cynicism or his feigned humility, are then just strategies for survival.
Keywords:  allowances, social bank, bank, money, transaction
Pages :  85 - 94
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Murard, N. (1999) Les allocataires de la banque sociale et la monnaie vivante . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(13), pp. 85-94
Title :  How to become a billionnaire in the age of wild capitalism
Author(s) :  Luc, Marco
Abstract :  Alongside the great books of theoretical political economy in the 17th century practical books appeared on how to become rich. These guides to rapid success work on three levels: at the top, the great American nababs attract limitless admiration; in the centre, the little French millionnaires are secretly envied; at the bottom, the mass of "suckers" believe in the posdibility for each persan to get rich quick. The author, in the first part, identifies the ideal type (according to Max Weber's method) of the billionnaire in the economic literature then shows, in the second part, the modus operandi for acquiring a very great fortune.
Keywords:  billionnaire, rich, capitalism
Pages :  95 - 108
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Marco, L. (1999) Comment devenir milliardaire au temps du capitalisme sauvage ? . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(13), pp. 95-108
Title :  Failing to be and failure in having in Algerian neurotics
Author(s) :  Abderrahmane, Si Moussi ; Mira, Si Moussi
Abstract :  Using their clinical experience with a population of nearly one thousand patients, the authors formulate the hypothesis of a cultural specificity of a type of neurosis commonly encountered which is characterised by a specific relationship to money as a symptom of a specific relationship to the mother. The authors show, through some clinical examples, how the failing to be (adult) leads to a childish management of money: unconscious refusal to earn money; anarchical and childish management; excessive generosity in relation to strong guilt; lack of saving ...
Keywords:  failure, having, being, Algerian, neurotics
Pages :  109 - 124
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Si Moussi, A. et Si Moussi, M. (1999) Défaillance de l'être et faillite de l'avoir chez des névrosés en Algérie . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(13), pp. 109-124
Title :  When the body meets money
Author(s) :  Teresa Cristina, Carreteiro
Abstract :  The text highlights two sorts of representations of the world which are prevalent among the urban underprivileged in Brazil: drug dealers and workers. It analyses their ways of conceiving their bodies and their relationship to money. It shows that the visions of the world and the values in the people who take part in drug dealing are directly opposite those adopted by poor workers. Two sorts of representation and use of the body and earnings are created in this way. The drug dealer uses his body as a challenge to the world which opens the way to power, whereas the worker sees bis body as an instrument to be used to obtain some income.
Keywords:  body, money, Brazil, drug, dealer, dealers
Pages :  125-132
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Carreteiro, T. (1999) Quand le corps rencontre l'argent . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(13), pp. 125-132
Title :  Little informal jobs: trade, charity or solidarity?
Author(s) :  Shirley, Roy ; Elvia, Taracena
Abstract :  The authors compare the strategies that are part of the trading model (selling products) and the strategies which require help (washing car windscreens). Being part of institutional forms of regulation of trade or adopting informal methods regulated by the relation between the public and the one asking for money produces different effects. The authors show that these differentiated forms of gift/ charity have to be put into perspective with the cultural contexts in which they take place. In this article, the institutional and social frameworks in Quebec and Mexico make it possible to place the same practices of "begging" in different significances.
Keywords:  job, jobs, exchange, marketing, charity, solidarity
Pages :  133 - 152
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Roy, S. et Taracena, E. (1999) Les petits métiers informels : échange marchand, charité ou solidarité ? . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(13), pp. 133-152
Title :  Heads or tails in morality
Author(s) :  Maria Sol, Perez Schael
Abstract :  The author analyses the impact that a rationality that is dependent on the symbolic can have in political and economic decision-making. The two-sided aspect of the economic representation of oil in Venezuela is shown in this way: on the one band, a conception of oil as a wealth that is distinct from work, a gift of nature; on the other hand, the epiphany of a conception of evil founded on a reducing identification between oil and money. Accorcling to the author the consequence of this bas been the impossibility of controlling the exploitation of oil by the country.
Keywords:  heads, tails, morality
Pages :  153 - 164
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Perez Schael, M. (1999) Le pile ou face de la morale . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(13), pp. 153-164
Title :  Making a career of money in a cooperative banking organisation: vector of social link or strategic instrument?
Author(s) :  Ariel, Mendez ; Nadine, Richez-Battesti
Abstract :  The banking sector in France is heterogeneous in its status, in the way of conducting its activities and in its conception of money. The cooperative component of this sector is caracterised by a conception of money as a social link, associated with an original form of organisation. Nevertheless, increasing competition and reglementary transformations largely reduce originality and introduce a banalisation trend. This analysis is based on a monographie approach of one cooperative banking organisation. We identify three different periods illustrating changes in conception of money, with significant transformation of its own organisation and the form of trust which it has built up.
Keywords:  money, cooperative banking, organization, social link, strategic instrument
Pages :  165 - 176
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Mendez, A. et Richez-Battesti, N. (1999) Faire métier de l'argent dans une banque de l'économie sociale : vecteur de lien social ou instrument stratégique ?. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(13), pp. 165-176
Title :  Position and career of "COFI": between post office employees and bank advisers
Author(s) :  Mario, Correia
Abstract :  The French public Postal Service traditionally satisfied itself by trying to deliver mail in good conditions and managing in prudent fashion the small money deposits of the poorer part of the population. The recent decision to transform the Service into a true financial establishment led to the opening of "fin ancial advisor" ("Cofi" in internai jargon) positions in most of it offices. However the high staff turnover in this new fu nction has led the management to order a study to understand better how this new function integrates itself in the Se1vice's orga nisation and what the problems are. A survey by interviews ha been conducted amongst these agents, their colleagues and chiefs, in three post offi ces. These inte1v iews were analy ed both in terms of thematic and lexical content. The first conclusion is that the content of "Cofi" tasks and their contractual and operational environment leave these agents at the margin of the o rganisation's normal functioning. Whilst some of them continue to see themselves as normal Postal employees protected by their stature, and whose tasks must be precisely defined by th e organisation, the majority view differently their relationship with the orga nisation. They consider that they have an "individual contract", where they exchange their relative autonomy for their implication in their job. The quantitative results expected by the organisation represent for them a captivating challenge, which explains t11at significa nt extension of the workday's length and t11e Jack of regular hours are accepted voluntarily by the Cofis. However, for many colleagues but also for the most senior Cofis, t11is pressure is a high price to pay in regard of t11e advantages derived, even if t11ey remain fasc inated by this functioning
Keywords:  career, Cofi, employees, La Poste, post-office, bank advisers
Pages :  177 - 190
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Correia, M. (1999) La position et la carrière des Cofi : entre employés de La Poste et conseillers bancaires. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(13), pp. 177-190
Title :  Money - the stock market - ethics and corruption
Author(s) :  Alice, Pezard
Abstract :  The closeness between the world of finance and the world of the mafia, the development of corruption and embezzlement, are paradoxically accompanied by the emergence of ethical activity in financial matters. In this context, the strength and the limits of ethics in the area of money are examined. Moreover, the limits of this movement can be set thanks to sanction delivered by law. Examining the latest news about these sanctions, the author pleads for the courts to refer to the notion of abuse of rights.
Keywords:  Money, stock market, ethics, corruption
Pages :  191 - 200
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Pezard, A. (1999) Argent - place financière - éthique et corruption . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(13), pp. 191-200
Title :  The psychosociologist against the economic dimension
Author(s) :  Jacques, Bineau ; Dominique Alice, Decelle ; Chantal, Humbert
Abstract :  The position of leader confronts the psychosociologist with the economic dimension in all its aspects: managing the order book, negotiating tariffs and payments, establishing working rules, having the role of employer. .. As consultant and leader, the psychosociologist approaches organisation as an analyst, but also as actor and subject; the interactions between these two approaches mark his professional identity. The relation to money is usually not expressed and yet it influences every practice just as much as the marks of a theoretical, methodological or ideological order which are easily made explicit. Taking this factor into account seems to be a stake for the psychosociologist whether in the area of his interventions or the area of management.
Keywords:  psychosociologist, economic dimension
Pages :  201-212
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Bineau, J., Decelle, D. et Humbert, C. (1999) Le psychosociologue aux prises avec la dimension économique. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(13), pp. 201-212
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