Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO)
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Volume V • Issue 10-11 • 1998 (Already published)
(Regular issue)
Psychoanalysis listening to the social
Issue content
Title :  Introduction
Author(s) :  Gilles, Amado ; Eugène, Enriquez
Pages :  3 - 6
Type :  Introduction
APA :  Amado, G. et Enriquez, E. (1998) Introduction . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(10-11), pp. 3-6
Title :  The Tavistock lnstitute : origins and early years
Author(s) :  Harold, Bridger ; Sidney, Gray ; Eric, Trist
Abstract :  Three of the principal founders of the Tavistock Institute' recall the history of this institution during its first years. Theyy explain how the transition was made, from the work conducted, with a strong psychoanalytic orientation, with the British Army during war-time, to the experience of action-research in Ci \?il sociL'ty after the war, in the fields of public health, social work. and firms. ThL'y emphasiZL' in particular the relational and institutional conditions undL'r which new theoretical and 11lL'thodological orientations were den?loped, in consultation with social organisations (socio-tedmical approach, the causal tL'xturL' of organisation L'm?ironnL'ments), but also in thl' field of socio-ps\?chological training and analysis of professional practices (Balint groups l.
Keywords:  Tavistock lnstitute, origins, beginning
Pages :  7 - 30
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Bridger, H., Gray, S. et Trist, E. (1998) L'Institut Tavistock : origine et premières années . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(10-11), pp. 7-30
Title :  lntervening in the face of the paradoxes of the organisation and the evasions of the ideal
Author(s) :  Jacqueline, Barus-Michel
Abstract :  Changing the organisation leads on to contradictions that are amplified by the crisis: the intervener who accompanies it has the choice between operating in two ways, the way of sense and the way of efficiency. These two ways are currently strongly divergent. The intervener sees the paradox grow keener between the restitution of a status of subject to the individuals, and the preservation of social unity which anchors it in a-temporaliry. The paradoxes are not new, but the recourse to idealisation which achieved unity by means of identification has become null and voied. The crisis seems to justify imperatives of realism, the link no longer calls for the investment of the ideal but for the pressure of needs, solidarity is mechanical, laws are economic, the consultant is awaited in an instrumentalist logic. IT is resorted to an Ego which is stowed to a reality principle that has become heavy. The Ego-ideal seems to have disappeared in the social and psychological void caused by the crisis but the pulsions remain effervescent provoking relations and actions. Can one find in this another form of Ego-ideal which puts the individual back in his own personal history, into a project dynamics? He still has to be released from the antagonistic representations which block exchanges and make the dialectisation of conflicts impossible. Thus, a certain psychoanalytic approach can enlighten ways of intervening, the choices of professional and transferential positions by the interveners.
Keywords:  paradoxes, organisation, ideal, desilusion
Pages :  31 - 40
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Barus-Michel, J. (1998) Intervenir face aux paradoxes de l'organisation et aux dérobades de l'idéal. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(10-11), pp. 31-40
Title :  Ten years of socio-psychoanalytic intervention in a public organisation (1987-1998)
Author(s) :  Jean-François, Moreau
Abstract :  This paper presents a system aimed at facilitating the expression of workers and internal communication, which has existed for eleven years ( 1987-1998) in a public transport company. This socio-psychoanalytic intervention, the main rheoretical and methodological elements of which are reminded, is hased on the functioning of profession-related groups. In these groups, progress towards a better control of their work is constantly accompanied by unconscious psychological mmovements. References to psychoanalysis proves necessary in order to understand these mmovements, which should not be an obstacle to the dévelopment of the psychosociality of the subject, such as it is sought through the functioning of the organisarional system described in this rext.
Keywords:  socio-psychoanalytic intervention, public organization, intervention, organization
Pages :  41 - 58
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Moreau, J. (1998) Dix ans d'intervention sociopsychanalytique dans une organisation publique . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(10-11), pp. 41-58
Title :  Psychoanalysis and sociopsychoanalysis
Author(s) :  Mireille, Bitan
Abstract :  A fully-fledged clinical discipline, Sociopsychoanalysis, integrates in its corpus of thought the dimension of the unconscious. However, the socio-psychoanalyst never formulates any classical psychoanalytical interpretation during group sessions. Indeed, far from revealing any underlying repetition process, the psychological movements observed in situ appear on the contrary in a manner reactive to the emergence of new social working relations, that are more collective, more egalitarian as it relates to all the various other professional categories or hierarchical levels. It is thus the relation between social movements and psychic movements that is identified and subjected to socio-psychoanalytic interpretation.
Keywords:  Psychoanalysis, sociopsychoanalysis, clinical, subconscious
Pages :  59 - 64
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Bitan, M. (1998) Psychanalyse et sociopsychanalyse . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(10-11), pp. 59-64
Title :  Organisation caught in the symbolical
Author(s) :  Gilles, Arnaud
Abstract :  Many rationalist observers only see in certain organisational dysfunctions (recurrent failure in the implementation of strategic orientations, the constantly impulsive or aggressive behaviour of managers, incomprehensihle resistance to change, etc.) the manifestation of certain deficiences in decision-making or in the well thought-out application of decisions. However, in the oblique light of psychoanalysis, such phenomena can be regarded differently, in particular as neurotic inhibitions, compulsions to repetition or acting out. Indeed, in this perspective, it is on a "stage" other than that of "retlity" that the game is played out: the stage of the imagination and - we shall add - unconscious symbolic determinations. The subject of this article is to propose a fresh reading of organisation using the works of Jacques Lacan.
Keywords:  organisation, organization, symbolical
Pages :  65 - 78
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Arnaud, G. (1998) L'organisation prise dans le symbolique . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(10-11), pp. 65-78
Title :  Multiple social ruptures and the process of exclusion
Author(s) :  Luc, Ridel ; Evelyne, Herelle-Dupuy ; Claudine, Samalin-Amboise
Abstract :  This article summarizes a study by a group of researchers about the successive and repetitive ruptures which are frequently experienced by the long-term unemployed. leading them up to becoming homeless. Epistemological and ethical questions raised by this research are examined prior to presenting the approach adopted by the authors. The perspective chosen focuses on the psychic costs and the processes leading up to job Joss. We then identify the displacement onto the family area of instinctual needs normally satisfied through work, suspicion of neighbours, the tainting of those one is close to, and social disengagement. The risk of rupture would be accentuated by the nagging question of the psychic or social origin of the situation of those experiencing social breakdown, generating an ambiguity which successive ruptures would tend to reduce.
Keywords:  exclusion, social, fragmentation, process
Pages :  79 - 86
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Herelle-Dupuy, E., Ridel, L. et Samalin-Amboise, C. (1998) Ruptures multiples et processus d'exclusion . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(10-11), pp. 79-86
Title :  The intolerance of diversity in psychoanalytic institutes
Author(s) :  Kenneth, Eisold
Abstract :  Psychoanalytic institutes, as well as other psychoanalytic organisations, historically have been prone to schisms. This paper attempts to seek out the causes of this institutional fragility in an examination of the kinds of anxiety for which these institutions provide - and ultimately often fail to provide - containment. lntolerance of diversity at one end of the spectrum and schism at the other are seen as social defences against often unrecognised froms of anxiety associated with the praxtice of psychoanalysis. One source of anxiety, arising from the isolation of psychoanalytic work, derives form the contradiction between the analyst's need to belong to a particular school and his need to believe he is fully receptive to the clinical material of his patient. A second soure of anxiety derives from the contradiction between his member ship in his organisations and his affiliations to the various pairs within which the primary work of psychoanalysis takes place. A third source of anxiety derives from his participation in the culture of psychoanalysis, which sees itself as apart from the world of social reality : psychoanalysts, as a result, devalue and fear the very institutions that connect them with that world.
Keywords:  intolerance, diversity, sychoanalytic institutes, institute
Pages :  87 - 108
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Eisold, K. (1998) L'intolérance à la diversité dans les sociétés de psychanalyse . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(10-11), pp. 87-108
Title :  For a goodenough intolerance
Author(s) :  Gilles, Amado
Abstract :  This paper is a reaction to Kenneth Eisold's article on the intolerance of diversity in psychoanalytic institutes. Whilst ackowledging the relevance of his work, it aims at specifying some points related to the analyst's training and some psychic processes likely to lead them to a kind of rigor which is sometimes questionable. it shows also that, without a well tempered intolerance, psychoanalysis would not have grown to become such a strong discipline and that risks still exist that it could desintegrate into by-products of both theory and practice. Lastly, on should recognize that psychoanalysts ar not placed in the best situation to understand the functionning of organizations. Such an objective requires the use of other areas of knowledge, besides psychoanalysis.
Keywords:  intolerance, Kenneth, Eisold, Kenneth Eisold, process psychic, rigor
Pages :  115 - 126
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Amado, G. (1998) Pour une intolérance bien tempérée . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(10-11), pp. 115-126
Title :  Jewish identity in the aftermath of Auschwitz
Author(s) :  André, Sirota
Abstract :  Undoubtelly, religion is not the foundation of the Jewish identity any more. Auschwitz, since it was an extreme and unsurpassable expression of them, condenses all the previous persecutions. Wherever they are from, what the Jews may have in commun nowadays is the link to the memory, which they keep alive, of having a same fate. From generation to generation, they were made to stand as the Other, and to be the target of the envious and destructive drives from individuals and groups fascinated by the alien. who prefer the worst to the knowledge of the other one, both different and similar, within themselves. This memory is only shared, experienced and sublimated by those who do not, in any way, consciously or not, identify with the torturer.
Keywords:  Auschwitz, Jewish, jewish, identity, after Auschwitz
Pages :  127 - 138
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Sirota, A. (1998) L'identité juive après Auschwitz . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(10-11), pp. 127-138
Title :  Religious or racial antisemitism : the place of aryan myth
Author(s) :  Daniel, Zaoui
Abstract :  We will stuck from a psychoanalytic point of view the context in which antijudaism became antisemitism and in particular the role of the Aryan "myth" in this transformation. The hypothesis proposed is that this myth, which emerged as linguistic theories of the l9th century went astray - theories which are opposed to the monotheisms and the biblical founding myths - constitutes a resurgence of ancient paganism. This view can be supported by the constancy of the regressive anal characteristics found in the expression of antisemitic hate.
Keywords:  religious, antisemitism, anthropology, psychoanalysis
Pages :  139 - 148
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Zaoui, D. (1998) Anthropologie et psychanalyse. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(10-11), pp. 139-148
Title :  Design, form and repair
Author(s) :  Robert, Gutman
Abstract :  The designer plays a critical role in the performance of an architectural office. The personality of design architects and the manner in which the professional culture defines their role makes it difficult to integrate them into the organization. The paper describes Several cases from the author's consulting practice in which the characteristics of designers hindered the smooth functioning of firms. A variety of psychodynamic processes which operate among colleagues and which exacerbate the difficulty are discussed, The paper concludes by citing several strategies for utilizing the designer to enhance the productivity of the organization.
Keywords:  design, form, repair, identity, architect
Pages :  149 - 160
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Gutman, R. (1998) Design, forme et réparation (à propos de l'identité des architectes) . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(10-11), pp. 149-160
Title :  The social representations and the imaginary dimension
Author(s) :  Maria, SAKALAKI
Abstract :  This paper relates a research on social representations of otherness and more precisely of the family link, through three anthologies of Greek popular tales. It tries to show how the dimension of the social imaginary interferes in the formation of social representations. The specificity of this type of material lays in the fact that social representations contained in it do not function as practical social thinking directed towards action, but as a social thinking aimed at mediating the symbolic elaboration of desire and fantasy at group's level. A structural analysis, associated to a quantitative analysis of the contents, pointed out two major categories of social representations of the link. The structure and internal logic of these categories express : a) either a "genital" and triangular problematic of the social link in which the ego and the alter are clearly differentiated and the harmonious cooperation prevails; b) or a fusional and "archaic" problematic of the social link, in which indifferenciation and violence, submersion by the big archaic anguishes (of persecution, annihilation, loss of object) which signy the partial failure of the differenciation between the self and the non-self, predominates. The structural analysis has made it possible to draw a thêma which pervades the central nucleus of the social representations and determines their contents and structure. It concems the " difference-resemblance" system of opposition which seems invested with a fundamental symbolic value.
Keywords:  social representation, imaginary, dimension, imaginary dimension
Pages :  161 - 176
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Sakalaki, M. (1998) Les représentations sociales et le registre de l'imaginaire . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(10-11), pp. 161-176
Title : 
Author(s) :  Jean-François, Chanlat
Pages :  177 - 182
Type :  Book review
APA :  Chanlat, J. (1998) Eugène ENRIQUEZ : "Les jeux du pouvoir et du désir dans l'entreprise ". Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), V(10-11), pp. 177-182
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