Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO)
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Volume XVIII • Issue 46 • 2012 (Already published)
(Regular issue)
The Quest for Sens
Issue content
Title :  The place of organizational behavior in human resources management
Author(s) :  Christian, Bourion ; Frank, Bournois ; Jean-Michel, Plane ; Patrice, Laroche
Pages :  21 - 44
Type :  Editorial
URL Cairn:
Title :  Managers as sensemakers. A polyphonic approach of organizational identities
Author(s) :  François, Pichault ; Giseline, Rondeaux
Abstract :  In a situation of crisis or deep organizational disruption, organizational identity often appears as a critical dimension (Albert et Whetten, 1985 ; Alvesson et Empson, 2008 ; Dutton et al, 1994). It cannot be considered as monolithic: each stage of the evolution of the organization is marked by several interactions (different identity logics predominate each other at times). Even if within an organizational identity, a particular identity logic seems to prevail, other identity logics are nevertheless present, or appear in informal mode. Organizational identity is thus conceived as hybrid : on the one hand, the dominant identity logic, on the other hand, alternative identity logics consisting in different perceptions of the organization’s central, enduring and distinctive features, its values and running principles. Because of their formal authority and their access to resources, managers play an important role in organizational identification processes. They can first create meaning around a deliberate change (sensegiving). Such an approach emphasizes the role of organizational leaders (carriers of the dominant identity logic) in a cognitive process where they aim at providing to the members of the organization a coherent narrative in order to build a legitimate collective sense of self. As for the sensemaking-oriented approach (Weick, 1995), it adopts a different perspective: the shared understandings of the members about what the organization is, result of cognitive processes carried out by members of the organization when they are questioning the central, enduring and distinctive features of their organization. We draw from the second perspective. Through a case study conducted in 2010 within a large company facing critical change, we propose to empirically illustrate the meaning given by members of the organization to different constitutive dimensions of organizational identity. We focus especially on team managers, at the crossroads of all tensions in terms of identity and meaning at work. This case study illustrates in particular the disorientation of team managers, torn between a dominant organizational identity exploded from the top of the organization, and a radically changing organizational context, which they are struggling to make sense and to give sense for their team. It results in identity profiles marked by hybridity and transition. When such a situation is noticed, what managerial actions can be undertaken? Our aim in this article is to highlight the value of a polyphonic approach of change management (Pichault, 2009), and offer some thoughts on the development of a sensemaking articulated to the diversity of identities within the organization as well as the integration of this identity diversity concerns in the management practices.
Keywords:  change management, organizational identity, managers, sensemaking
Pages :  45 - 76
Type :  Research paper
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Title :  Where are we with the "linguistic turn"? On the traces of a paradigmatic break
Author(s) :  Sylvie, Grosjean
Abstract :  In this paper, we present the main theoretical streams that underlie the “linguistic turn” in organization studies. Then, we present research influenced by the linguistic turn that studies the process of organizing and the constitutive role of communication in organization.
Keywords:  communication, constitutive approach, linguistic turn, organization
Pages :  77 - 94
Type :  Research paper
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Title :  A pragmatic approach: the Case of Entrepreneurship
Author(s) :  Michel, Marchesnay
Abstract :  The economic theory failed to design some unitary concept of entrepreneur. The entrepreneur is empirically perceived through his diversity of practices. Following James, the pragmatic approach allows to link together concepts and percepts, by appraising relativism, indeterminism, pluralism, evolutionism and “meliorism”.
Keywords:  pragmatism, practices, economic theory, Entrepreneur
Pages :  95 - 106
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  Validity of Rosenberg self esteem scale with French managers
Author(s) :  Dominic, Drillon ; Sophia, Belghiti-Mahut
Abstract :  The objective of this article is to validate the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale, based on a scientific research conducted with 604 managers of a large French company. The concept of self esteem has in fact many applications in the field of management, especially in the Human Resource, and this validation was done as part of a broader research on the hierarchical advancement of women executives (including managers). Results of analysis – both exploratory and confirmatory - demonstrate a two- dimensional structure of the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale.
Keywords:  self-esteem, Rosenberg, self-competences, self-liking, two dimensions
Pages :  107 - 122
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  Well-being in the workplace and companies’ economic and social success: a human adventure!
Author(s) :  Mireille, Barthod-Prothade
Abstract :  When a company manager decides to invest in well-being in the workplace, does it improve the company’s economic and social success? This question is relevant, considering the evolutions in our environments. In fact, because of the globalization of exchanges, the internationalization of markets and the service economy, uncertainty and breakdowns are realities that stakeholders in companies have to deal with. However, as they do not know the procedures for guiding the implementation of well-being, one can wonder how the company directors, managers and employees can contribute to creating well-being in the workplace. Therefore, operationalizing well-being in the workplace is a delicate operation as the concept is not consolidated. In fact, the literature distinguishes several currents of thought. The objective of this research is to find out if certain factors originating from futurology and the theory of organisations, as well as the Flow field and Slow Management can operationalize the definition and the application of well-being. The results originate from a study carried out in three companys in Savoy. Firstly, it highlights the factors linked to futurology, the roles of the stakeholders and Slow Management as well as the Flow and Empowerment characteristics. Secondly, the results enable a connection to be shown between well-being in the workplace and economic and social success. Finally, they propose a method for managers and human resources managers for developing well-being in the workplace.
Keywords:  well-being, empowerment, flow, actors games, futurology, slow management, role of skateholders
Pages :  123 - 157
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  The story teller manager
Author(s) :  Stéphane, Diebold
Abstract :  Storytelling is a technique more and more important in management technicals, it is often associated with marketing of a simple manipulation, however there are other visions: the man is ontologically a maker of history, it needs of neurologically credible story to give mean into his action. Management can become a storyteller to sublimate the action of each and give them motivation to a collective adventure.
Keywords:  human adventure, collective, desire, history, emotional management, fictional mode, motivation, drive, storytelling, sublimation, leadership
Pages :  159 - 171
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  Woman manageriality
Author(s) :  Denis, Cristol
Abstract :  This article tries to etablish how « woman manageriality » emerges between social role construction and professional identity self-construction. An empirical approach is chosen to build new hypothesis to understand the process. 10 French women managers living in Paris are interviewed. Research aims to identify out singularity in woman management career development. Stories are divided into in 3 sequences. The first one deals with initial education and training, the second one described the taking in charge of the first team, and the third one shows the cycle of experiential and emotional learning. All three sequences explain how a woman emerge as a manager. In male-oriented organization, the analysis shows that women need to help themselves to achieve their goals of becoming manager. The issue propose to explore how horizontal feed-backs can play a role in reflexivity. In consequences it seams useful to explore how woman autodidactic sociability facilitates woman manageriability.
Keywords:  self-training, women's career, managerial, managerial, manager
Pages :  173 - 192
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  Theoretical process for a practice of organizational feedback. How to clarify the sensemaking in situation?
Author(s) :  Anaïs, Gautier
Abstract :  This article investigates the process of formalization for a practice of experience feedback in an organization through the analysis of sensemaking in various situations. It interested a scientific and managerial know-how for the description of modalities for implementation of experience feedback within a process allowing the organizational learning. The article values an essential role to the formalism for practices of experience feedback in the sensemaking.
Keywords:  experience feedback, sensemaking, extreme situation, organizational Learning, formalization of practices
Pages :  193 - 221
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  Understanding the meaning of textual data in human resource management using Alceste software. The case of career management in the context of the restructuring of state-owned companies
Author(s) :  Anne Goujon, Belghit
Abstract :  Alceste is a statistical textual analysis software, extracting quantitative results from qualitative studies. It allows the extraction of fundamental, structuring data of a document (called corpus) in an objective way. The human resource management covers various expertise areas dealing with competencies, efficiency management or organisational commitment. Few authors have been mobilizing this tool to carry out their study. This article deals with the following research question : how this software contributes in human resource management focusing on the analysis of career management in the context of state-owned companies? Some researchers specialised in human resource management use Alceste software in order to analyse various kind of supports in different context. They often mix their results with other tools of analysis. In the context of career management in state-owned companies, Alceste shows the structuring elements in the respondent’s concerns regarding their career perception. It highlights a clash between the lower management population and the cadres at the SNCB.
Keywords:  Alceste, career, public companies, HRM
Pages :  223 - 245
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  The implicit leadership theories of French executives. Building on 35 semi-structured interviews and a 225 respondents questionnaire, this study explores the social representation of leadership shared by French top executives and discusses its relationships with leadership learning practices
Author(s) :  Valérie, Petit
Abstract :  This article introduces and discusses the results of a study exploring the implicit theory of leadership among French top executives. The results emphasize the importance given by top executives to the development of their leadership as well as they enlighten the centrality of charisma, vision and people management in the content of the representation. They also describe top executive’s experiences and beliefs about the leadership learning process. Beyond the description of the implicit theory of a social group, the author suggests to use the study of implicit theories of leadership as a tool to question the making of leadership theories as well as the practice of top executive’s training.
Keywords:  Leadership, social representations, implicit leadership theories, top executives
Pages :  247 - 266
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  Team academy
Author(s) :  Daniel, Belet
Abstract :  This article deals with the issue of leadership learning, especially with young and unexperienced students. This has been often considered as impossible by the mainstream French management education system, despite the obvious lack of leadership competences of most students coming out of universities and grandes écoles who have a more traditional manager profile than a leader one. The innovative and very efficient Finnish Team Academy experience shows that leadership competencies can very well be developed with young students, but with a quite different educational approach based on team learning, coaching and working exclusively on real business and enterprises issues. Many intersting lessons could be drawn from this very interesting experience to improve the mainstream French management education system.
Keywords:  team academy, leadership, Learning, management education
Pages :  267 - 282
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  Painting as a vector of the quest for meaning. Feedback on the 2012 AGRH congress in Nancy
Author(s) :  Florent, Noël ; Patrice, Laroche ; Sybille, Persson
Abstract : 
Pages :  283 - 289
Type :  Other
URL Cairn:
Title :  Learning by playing: theater as sensemaking incentive in managerial education
Author(s) :  Laurent, Bibard
Abstract :  From the three points of view of playing roles, inventing a play, and being a spectator (a witness), theater definitely plays a fundamental role in executive education on executives’ and managers’ mindfulness.
Keywords:  distance, play, practice, representation, actor
Pages :  291 - 299
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  From hypocrisy in management to the management of hypocrisy: Nils Brunsson’s contribution
Author(s) :  Nils, Brunsson ; François, Geoffroy
Abstract :  Firm must keep legitimacy so that its aims and activities would be supported by its environment. However, the environment consists of groups with contradictory and irreconcilable interests. How to satisfy at the same time productive efficiency and respect of environmental interest? Nils Brunsson (1993, 2002) suggests a solution: organizational hypocrisy. The aim of this research is to study organizational hypocrisy and to understand its management. Two organizations coexist into any Firm: Action organization that manages informal actions and Political organization that products legitimacy to satisfy the external environment. According to Brunsson, this splitting between Action and Political organization is possible thanks to organizational hypocrisy that satisfies different groups’ interests in and out of the organization. Firm needs to be irrational although appearing rational. We conclude that thanks to management of hypocrisy firm can satisfy organizational aims and environmental values decoupling two different organizations. Each one will satisfy a goal: environmental legitimacy for Political organization and economic for Action organization.
Keywords:  organizational hypocrisy, irrationality, action organization, political organization, decoupling
Pages :  301 - 315
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  From nonsense to organizational death
Author(s) :  Laurent, Bibard
Abstract :  Routines and skills fortunately emerge spontaneously from organizational daily lives. They may on the very same time provoke huge worse decisions when organizations lack mindfulness. Some ways how to favour it are examined.
Keywords:  decision, making processes, mindfulness, organizations, routines, vigilance, skills
Pages :  317 - 330
Type :  Research paper
URL Cairn:
Title :  Vocabulary of business creation by spin-off. Including the basic terminology of split restructuring
Author(s) :  Denyse, Letourneau ; Louis Jacques, Filion
Pages :  331 - 336
Type :  Book review
URL Cairn:
Title :  Local management. At the heart of the company's performance
Author(s) :  Bertrand, Dusehu
Pages :  337 - 341
Type :  Book review
URL Cairn:
Title :  Alternation: cultivate the talents of tomorrow. Apprenticeship professionalization, continuing education ...: a win-win system
Author(s) :  Antoine, Pennaforte ; Christian, Defélix ; Stéphanie, Pougnet
Pages :  343 - 347
Type :  Book review
URL Cairn:
Title :  The strategic approach. Undertake and grow
Author(s) :  Gilles, Guieu ; Gilles, Paché ; Katia, Richomme-Huet
Pages :  349 - 350
Type :  Book review
URL Cairn:
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