Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO)
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Volume IV • Issue 08 • 1997 (Already published)
(Regular issue)
The resistible hold of instrumental rationality
Issue content
Title :  Tribute to Cornelius Castoriadis
Author(s) :  Eugène, Enriquez
Pages :  3 - 4
Type :  Tribute
APA :  Enriquez, E. (1997) Hommage à Cornelius Castoriadis . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 3-4
Title : 
Author(s) :  Florence, Giust-Desprairies
Pages :  5 - 6
Type :  Tribute
APA :  Giust-Desprairies, F. (1997) Cornelius Castoriadis : Imaginaire et cr?ation. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 5-6
Title :  Editorial
Author(s) :  Florence, Giust-Desprairies ; André, Lévy ; André, Nicolaï
Pages :  7 - 12
Type :  Editorial
APA :  Giust-Desprairies, F., Lévy, A. et Nicolaï, A. (1997) Editorial. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 7-12
Title :  Logic of the system and instrumental reason
Author(s) :  André, Nicolaï
Abstract :  Economists today are seriously correcting the two fundamental postulates of neo-classical theory: the optimizing rationality of agents and the unique and optimal balance of perfect competition, which brings them closer to other human sciences. This is happening at the very moment when the present phase of capitalism is characterized by an unegalitarian globalization of the system and by a growing dependence by the other social spheres on its logic and the instrumental rationality that it implies. A reminder of the facts that led to this situation and the history of relations between cognitive rationality and behavioural rationality allows us to explain how it has been transformed into instrumental rationality, which increasingly subordinates cognitive rationality. However, the present functioning of the system encounters resistance on the part of society and states and above all produces contradictions : the destruction of Nature and the discordance between the growth of production capacities and the slowing down of the capacity to absorb the goods produced. This gives rise to conflictual situations which should incite psychosociologists to reinforce their intervention which, in turn, would allow a renewal of theory.
Keywords:  system logic, instrumental reason
Pages :  13 - 31
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Nicolaï, A. (1997) Logique du système et raison instrumentale . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 13-31
Title :  The "rationality" of capitalism
Author(s) :  Cornelius, Castoriadis
Abstract :  Capitalism's claim to rationality cannot hide the fact that it is historically contingent: economic "efficiency" and the maximization of profit, which it sets at the center of its system, were in no way key features of previous regimes. Moreover, its theoretical constructs, and notably the recourse to mathematical models, prove to be meaningless and incapable of offerring an adequate description of its operation. As of its "superiority", as claimed by neoclassical economists, the impoverishment already under way of the countries that built its "success", the massive and irreversible destruction of natural resources, and the production/accumulation of standardized junk are, among other things, what make any further discussion derisory.
Keywords:  rationality, capitalism
Pages :  31 - 52
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Castoriadis, C. (1997) La «rationalité» du capitalisme . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 31-52
Title :  The sprawling logic of the market and negative individualism
Author(s) :  Guy, Roustang
Abstract :  There is a tendency for the logic of goods to spread to every area of social life. Moreover negative individualism is extending, based on distance and distrust towards others. These two evolutions, which reinforce each other, are fed finally by the desire of the masses to consume more and more. Those who call for more soul to question these evolutions, without questioning economism are barking up the wrong tree. Resetting economics within politics is the prerequirement for on meaning. That supposes that we multiply the possibilities for debate between citizens on many aspects of our common life.
Keywords:  sprawling logic of the market, negative individualism
Pages :  53 - 64
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Roustang, G. (1997) Logique tentaculaire du marché et individualisme négatif . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 53-64
Title :  Meaning or efficiency Clinical approach and instrumental rationality
Author(s) :  Jacqueline, Barus-Michel
Abstract :  Rationality implies necessary sequences, subject to rules, which avert what is hazy and uncertain and claim to reach what is true. Control by thought leads to the temptation of efficiency in action. Reason then instrumentalizes and transforms knowledge into power. What does this mean when the object to which it is applied is a subject, defined as being in search of meaning ? A rationality subordinated to the logic of proof has no need of subjectivity, but, applied in human sciences, it reifies the subject caught in the net of laws which. while claiming to contrai it, give it over to undesirable effects. However, listening to the subject is not irrational; it follows the processes by which it tends to make sense, the sequences hy which it links its expe rience. The clinical approach. by following this consrruction/ deconstruction, is placed, not within contrai but in the deciphering and in a logic of experiencing which operates as recognition as well knowledge.
Keywords:  clinical approach, instrumental rationality
Pages :  65 - 72
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Barus-Michel, J. (1997) Sens ou efficience. Démarche clinique et rationalité instrumentale . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 65-72
Title :  The notion of rationality, in the perspective of clinical sciences
Author(s) :  André, Lévy
Abstract :  Instrumental rationality, the results of which are quite rigthly denunciated, is certainly one of the many figures of rational thinking, as it has been developped since Jewish and Greek antiquity. Its importance has growed, particularly with the generalisation of experimental sciences and techniques, to such a point that it is many times identified with rationality as a whole, leading to the increasing influence of irrational or a-rational trends of thought. founded on subjective experiencing. Human sciences, in particular the clinical approach, intervening on the processes of production of meaning, suggest however new paths towards a more modest and open rationality, which can contribute to fight the overwhelming domination of a rationality serving the manipulation of human beings.
Keywords:  notion of rationality, clinical sciences
Pages :  73 - 80
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Lévy, A. (1997) Retour sur la notion de rationalité, dans la perspective des sciences cliniques . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 73-80
Title :  Rationality as a defence. ln an educational relationship
Author(s) :  Florence, Giust-Desprairies
Abstract :  ln order to cope with the emotional difficulties caused by the transformations that affect schools, teachers often turn, as a defence, to a thinking that is submitted to causal or explanatory rationality. The transformations that collide with the cultural logic which reigns in their professional activity, produce phenomena of anxiety that they cannot integrate into a bearable representation of their identity. They involve, in fact, the internal imaginary meaning of their place and their status, as well as their idealized function. Although this approach in terms of causal rationality allows them effectively to protect themselves against the threat of exhausting their investment, it is also an obstacle to advancing in the treatment of the problems encountered.
Keywords:  Rationality as defence, educational relationship
Pages :  81 - 92
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Giust-Desprairies, F. (1997) La rationalité comme défense dans la relation éducative . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 81-92
Title :  The perverse effects of modernization in Mexico. Assessment of professors (at UNAM)
Author(s) :  Elvia, Taracena
Abstract :  This article presents the assessment method used for professors working in UNAM (National lndependent University of Mexico) within the economic and social context of this country. We analyse the conditions of implementation of this system decided within the framework of the modernisation of education in Mexico. Using interviews with professors and lecturers, we discuss the consequences and perverse results of using bonus system in University which is a transposition of productivity performance monitoring and excellence concepts used by companies. We question the conditions to produce knowledge, the social function of University and all the changes that such a system could generate.
Keywords:  effects of modernization, Mexico. Assessment of professors, UNAM
Pages :  93 - 104
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Taracena, E. (1997) Les effets pervers de la modernisation au Mexique. Le système d'évaluation des enseignants (à l'UNAM) . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 93-104
Title :  Instrumental rationality and health at work. The case of the nuclear industry
Author(s) :  Annie, Thébaud-Mony
Abstract :  In the years 90, competitivity is the main value which guide the social tranformations of the industrial work organization. This can be illustrated by the evolution of maintenance of organization in the nuclear industry. To face contradictions and constraints of such a necessary maintenance activity, in the nuclear plants. the firm EDF did the choice of subcontracting jobs exposed to ionizing radiations. This article emphasizes the organization of the maintenance work in the nuclear plants in France, and, relying on worker's interviews, shows how is built a social division of work and hazards. For public health, to obtain information on health consequences of such an organization of work is an urgency.
Keywords:  Instrumental rationality, health at work. nuclear industry
Pages :  105 - 118
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Thébaud-Mony, A. (1997) Rationalité instrumentale et santé au travail. L'exemple de l'industrie nucléaire . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 105-118
Title :  Consumers of gifts and producers of Causes. Philanthropy and the market
Author(s) :  Jacques T, Godbout
Abstract :  Rational choice therapy is built on a supposed independence between ends and means. This article tries to show that in fact ends tend to become means in this model. An analysis of philanthropy is pretented as an illustration of this tendency.
Keywords:  consumers, producers, philanthropy, market
Pages :  119 - 126
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Godbout, J. (1997) Consommateurs de dons et producteurs de Causes. La philanthropie et le marché . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 119-126
Title :  Oblativity and instrumental rationality in work and cooperation
Author(s) :  Jean-Paul, Dumond
Abstract :  Many acts, which form the basis of or facilitate the cooperation process, are built like gifts: mutual aid, self-sacrifice, conversation, acknowledgement. transmission of symbolical power. trust, etc. They proceed accorcling to the gift cycle and imply freedom and commitment. Thus, these acts are founded on a relational rationality as opposed to the instrumental rationality nevertheless, in the cooperation process, these two rationalities must be articulated, confronting people with a serious contradiction. This confrontation is taking place both on the intra-psychic and inter-subjective levels.
Keywords:  Oblativity, instrumental rationality, work, cooperation
Pages :  127 - 138
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Dumond, J. (1997) Oblativité et rationalité instrumentale dans le travail de coopération . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 127-138
Title :  An alternative to instrumental rationality in management
Author(s) :  Jean-Philippe, Bouilloud
Abstract :  Instrumental rationality has been widely criticized since mid XIXth century; through Nietzsche's analysis of the development of modern economy, or the criricism of modern societies by Horkheimer and Adorno, or the evolution of "animal laborans" by Arendt, we still have pessimistic perceptions with few alternatives. The "world of business administration linked to the economic area develops this instrumental rationality in our daily lives : this induces many violences despite some (rare) new orientations among businessmen, such as corporate governance.
Keywords:  alternative, instrumental rationality, management
Pages :  139 - 152
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Bouilloud, J. (1997) Une alternative à la rationalité instrumentale en gestion ?. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 139-152
Title :  Overcoming poverty in subsaharan Africa. The logic from the inside and the outside
Author(s) :  Philippe, Engelhard
Abstract :  ln this paper, we are hoping to demonstrate an alternarive adjustement in Subsaharian Africa is possible and realistic. This Alternative Adjustment Model is starting with an evidence: poverry has to be eradicated. Two principles are following that. In first. the informal economy, in fact the real economy of the continent and the poors econorny, has to be developped. The second, it 's necessary to reduce strongly the cost of basics goods (water, energy, health and cares, transportarion, roads, education...) transferred without precautions from North Economies where income is more great thirty tirnes. To achieve these goals, it's necessary to enhance the global demand with some relaxations of the classicle adjustrnents. Without a suffisant developrnent of exportations, it will be difficult to perform in this strategy, bur we have not to sacrify the topic of the internal market development to the external competitivness. The reason is so clear: withour internai development it woulcl be a little chance to push clown poverty strongly and to achieve a sustainable growth.
Keywords:  poverty, Africa, subsaharan, subsaharan Africa
Pages :  153-178
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Engelhard, P. (1997) Venir à bout de la pauvreté en Afrique subsaharienne. La logique du «dedans» et du «dehors» . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 153-178
Title :  The set-back of the utilitarist paradigm versus the collective approaches: the example of the social movements
Author(s) :  Jean, Vincent
Abstract :  Recent history ( 1965-1995) of theories dealing with social movements illustrates an important fall clown of the rational-utilitarist paradigm versus sociological identity-oriented models. Whereas utilitarist trends (especially the ressources mobilization one) are dominant between 1965 and 1980. the collective identities models (or the cultural ones) have developped since 1980. They did so by criticizing utilitarian approaches (about hypothesis undermining their validity. their narrow relevance and their genuine although restricted hermeneutic qualities) and mainly by cleepening their analysis of collective identities (cf for example, their process of bulding-up according to A. Melucci, 1995).
Keywords:  utilitarist, paradigm, utilitarist paradigm, collective approach, social movement
Pages :  179 - 192
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Vincent, J. (1997) Le recul du paradigme utilitariste devant les approches identitaires : le cas des mouvements sociaux . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 179-192
Title :  Instrumental rationality and Jewish thinking
Author(s) :  Eugène, Enriquez
Abstract :  Instrumental rationality is alleged to have a close relationship with Jewish thinking. Their entrepreneurial dynamism is said to prove this. Yet, it is above all philosophers and sociologists having a link with Judaism who hegan to criticize this type of thinking. Furthermore. if one examines the hasic texts of Jewish thinking, the Torah and the Talmud, one can realise that it consists essentially in an art of interpretation that aims to find for each person the meaning of life and to promote an ethic. It is close to that practised by the researchers of modern science. It has its place, therefore. in a prospect which is very clifferent from chat put forward by instrumental rationality.
Keywords:  instrumental rationality, Jewish, jewish, Jewish thinking
Pages :  193 - 206
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Enriquez, E. (1997) Rationalité instrumentale et pensée juive . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 193-206
Title : 
Author(s) :  Jean, Dubost
Pages :  207 - 210
Type :  Positions
APA :  Dubost, J. (1997) La logique instrumentale et la question du sens . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 207-210
Title : 
Author(s) :  Maurice, Jeannet
Pages :  211 - 216
Type :  Positions
APA :  Jeannet, M. (1997) Démarche expérimentale et position clinique : un inconciliable ? . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 211-216
Title : 
Author(s) :  Jacques, Ardoino
Pages :  217 - 222
Type :  Positions
APA :  Ardoino, J. (1997) La psychosociologie, pratique métissée dans ses rapports avec les sciences de l'éducation. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 217-222
Title : 
Author(s) :  Jacques, Broda ; Hakim, Badjoudj
Pages :  223 - 227
Type :  Positions
APA :  Badjoudj, H. et Broda, J. (1997) Lutter ou mourir ? . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 223-227
Title : 
Author(s) :  Alain, Le Guyader
Pages :  228 - 232
Type :  Book review
APA :  Le Guyader, A. (1997) Cornelius CASTORIADIS : "Carrefours du labyrinthe" ("La montée de 'l'insignifiance" et "Fait et à refaire"). Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 228-232
Title : 
Author(s) :  Eugène, Enriquez
Pages :  233 - 236
Type :  Book review
APA :  Enriquez, E. (1997) André LÉVY : "Sciences cliniques et organisations sociales". Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 233-236
Title : 
Author(s) :  André, Lévy
Pages :  237 - 239
Type :  Book review
APA :  Lévy, A. (1997) Marcel BOLLE DE BAL : " Voyage au coeur des sciences humaines. De la reliance". Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 237-239
Title : 
Author(s) :  Eugène, Enriquez
Pages :  240 - 242
Type :  Book review
APA :  Enriquez, E. (1997) Dominique LHUILLIER et Nadia AYMARD : " L'univers pénitentiaire : du côté des surveillants de prison ". Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 240-242
Title : 
Author(s) :  André, Nicolaï
Pages :  243 - 244
Type :  Book review
APA :  Nicolaï, A. (1997) Viviane FORRESTER : " L'horreur économique ". Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 243-244
Title : 
Author(s) :  Marcel, Bolle de Bal
Pages :  245 - 246
Type :  Book review
APA :  Bolle de Bal, M. (1997) Daniel MERCURE : Le travail déraciné. L'impartition flexible dans la dynamique sociale des entreprises forestières au Québec ". Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 245-246
Title : 
Author(s) :  Marcel, Bolle de Bal
Pages :  247 - 248
Type :  Book review
APA :  Bolle de Bal, M. (1997) Jacqueline FELDMAN, Jean-Claude FILLOUX, Bernard-Pierre LECUYER, Marion SELZ et Manuela VICENTE : " Ethique, épistémologie et sciences de l'homme " . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IV(08), pp. 247-248
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