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Volume II • Issue 02 • 1995 (Already published)
 
(Regular issue)
 
Identity detours
 
 
Issue content
 
Title :  Editorial
Author(s) :  Eugène, Enriquez ; Véronique, Guienne-Bossavit
Pages :  3 - 7
Type :  Editorial
APA :  Enriquez, E. et Guienne-Bossavit, V. (1995) Editorial. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), II(02), pp. 3-7
 
 
Title :  ldentity detours and work-sharing
Author(s) :  Véronique, Guienne-Bossavit
Abstract :  This is the demonstration of the construction of psychosociological problematics around the sharing of work. By illustrating the difficulties of relations with others in our society by recounting an ordinary day, the problematics are built up progressively on the basis of open questions connected with existing research studies. The interest of identity detours in apprehending this question is shown : the various forms of identity and the notion of othemess are examined. The choice of the survey population, here farmers, raises again the question of the links between research and life.
Keywords:  identity, sharing, the Other, psychosociology
Pages :  7 - 20
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Guienne-Bossavit, V. (1995) Détours identitaires et partage du travail. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), II(02), pp. 7-20
 
 
Title :  ldentlty between the psychosocial and the social
Author(s) :  Edmond Marc, Lipiansky
Abstract :  ldentity has for everyone an obvious status. But after analysis, il appears to be a complex phenomenon, w hi ch articulates three processes : a somato-psychic process, an intra-psychic one, which is subtended by unconscious mechanisms, and a social process linked to interactions with others. Studying identity requires then the use of several theoretical approaches. Here, two approaches are being looked at : the psychoanalytic approach, which corresponds to the intrapsychic process, and the interactionnal and systemic one, which corresponds Io the social processes. The following problem then arises : how to articulate those two approaches
Keywords:  psychosocial identity, social identity, somato-psychic identity, intra-psychic identity
Pages :  21 - 34
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Lipiansky, E. (1995) L'identité l'articulation du psychologique et du social. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), II(02), pp. 21-34
 
 
Title :  Living plan, institutlonal Insertion and armed conflict in Chiapas (Mexico)
Author(s) :  Elvia, Taracena ; Patricia, Basurto ; Mario, Diaz ; Sofia, Saad ; Juan, Salinas
Abstract :  This is the account of four months of intervention in Chiapas in Mexico with the personnel who were looking after the population transferred during the armed conflict. The authors examine the arrangements set up, but also the nature of the work carried out : place of working through ? Existential questioning ? What identity dimensions are at stake ? The analysis makes it possible to clarify the links between institutional, personal and social dimensions of the work done.
Keywords:  Living plan, institutional insertion, armed conflict, Mexico
Pages :  35 - 44
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Basurto, P., Diaz, M., Saad, S., Salinas, J. et Taracena, E. (1995) Projet de vie, insertion institutionnelle et le conflit armé au Chiapas (Mexique). Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), II(02), pp. 35-44
 
 
Title :  Quest for identity as a structuring fiction : a moment in the life of a woman in Sahel
Author(s) :  Michèle, Leclerc-Olive
Abstract :  African societies, especially in West Africa, have been living for a long time within numerous competing systems of values and norms. From a fragment of biography of a woman of Peul origin, who presently lives in the capital of a Sahelian country, we will try to show the complexity of the actors'identities and the plural interactions within which these identities form themselves. ln particular, it will be the occasion to point out the always singular for ms of hybridization between what is usually called tradition and modemity, Io exemplify the hierarchic interweaving of the individual, social and collective identities and the relative uncertainty of the outcome of these interbreeding processes.
Keywords:  identity, fiction, woman, Sahel
Pages :  45 - 56
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Leclerc-Olive, M. (1995) La quête d'identité comme fiction structurante : un moment de vie d'une femme du Sahel . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), II(02), pp. 45-56
 
 
Title :  Impasses and release of identity. Account of a research action in a psychiatric hospital
Author(s) :  Luc, Ridel
Abstract :  The subject of an action-research, involving psychiatric nurses within their hospital, was their specificity and their professional identity. The process which appeared in the case showed an identification which alienates them to their organisation. By facilitating mutual identifications and the expression of individual fragilities, a homogeneous group is a pertinent means for the reconstruction of their professional identity.
Keywords:  release of identity, research action, psychiatric hospital
Pages :  57 - 68
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Ridel, L. (1995) Impasses et dégagements identitaires. Une recherche-action dans un hôpital psychiatrique . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), II(02), pp. 57-68
 
 
Title :  The threat that cames from the community
Author(s) :  Eugène, Enriquez
Abstract :  Why, when the individual is the object of all the attention, are we seeing compact collective identities developing? The text tries to answer this question by exploring three hypotheses: the impossibility of thinking of freedom without equality, the simultaneous birth of questions about the individual and the collective, the need for the recognition of thought and actions. The exploration of these hypotheses leads us to consider that although, in the 19th century, "thinking" groups were the most numerous and promoted questioning, this no longer seems to be true today, when "communities" tend to play not a role of getting established but of getting bogged down by providing for everyone both an identity emblem and the violent interdicts that should guide his action.
Keywords:  identity, threat, community, collective, action
Pages :  69 - 82
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Enriquez, E. (1995) La menace qui vient de la communauté . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), II(02), pp. 69-82
 
 
Title :  The Republican school:: The reverse side of a myth
Author(s) :  Florence, Giust-Desprairies
Abstract :  In the imaginary scenario of the republican model as it is interiorized by teachers, there is a gulf between the two sources of significance which preside over the construction of reality : - objectivation, which aims to account for situations by starting with rationalities : - subjectivation, which introduces a source of meaning inside the person. Is placing knowledge outside subjects a myth or has the fear arising in the face of the size of the contradictions to be resolved contributed to this eviction of subjectivity? The pre-eminence attributed to rational thinking constitutes yet another solicitation addressed to the people who inscribe their professional activity within the framework of schools. However, mutations have a complexity enter the school which runs into identity construction. They reveal the illusory character of rational contral of oneself and of others and re-introduce the constitutive conflictuality of the subject.
Keywords:  school, model, Republican, myth
Pages :  83 - 92
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Giust-Desprairies, F. (1995) L'École Républicaine : l'envers d'un mythe. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), II(02), pp. 83-92
 
 
Title :  Claustrophobia and national culture : the tunnel effect
Author(s) :  Gilles, Amado
Abstract :  A study designed to foresee the impact of claustrophobia on the behaviour of passengers in the Channel Tunnel has brought to light in the English the reappearance of identity fears and the ancestral Franco-British conflict. But the sudden and suspicious disappearance of resistance to under-water travel during the study does not necessarily mean that the identity problem that was revealed was superficial. lts temporary fading away should rather be considered as the result of what the author calls "psychosociological effects". The five effects that he demonstrates, of a largely unconscious nature, are often at work in so-called "qualitative" research (including group interviews).
Keywords:  claustrophobia, culture, Channel, identity, conflict
Pages :  93 - 102
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Amado, G. (1995) Claustrophobie et culture nationale : l'effet tunnel . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), II(02), pp. 93-102
 
 
Title :  Citizenship in Brazil : Between logics of law, favour and violence
Author(s) :  Teresa Cristina, Carreteiro
Abstract :  All the inhabitants of Brazil are normaJly citizens who have a right to participate in the management of the country's affairs. ln fact, only people who have regular work and a card to prove it are considered as full subjects. However, work is not enough. An individual, in order to exist in the city, must also have connections (logic of favour) and, in certain cases, agree to submit to the violence of the strongest and to the interdicts that they decree.The underprivileged, who are particularly concerned, are therefore very far from full citizenship.
Keywords:  citizenship, Brasil, rights, violence, relations
Pages :  103 - 110
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Carreteiro, T. (1995) La citoyenneté au Brésil : entre les logiques du droit, de la faveur et de la violence. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), II(02), pp. 103-110
 
 
Title :  Shame, the subject and identity
Author(s) :  Vincent, de Gaulejac
Abstract :  Shame is a complex feeling which is situated at the join between the registers of narcissism, relations with others and the relationship towards social standards. The article presents the elements of problematics to identify the different facets : shame arises from the assertion of the subject in relation to others and himself ; it is at the base of social links ; it is particularly active when social identity is marked by belonging to a stigmatized group. In a society that advocates excellence and individual success, shame intervenes in the process of idendity construction as a factor of stimulation and inhibition. The analysis of the story of a brillant executive, of modest origins, who finds himself out of work after being made redundant, illustrates the complex and contradictory interplay of links between shame, the subject and identity.
Keywords:  shame, subject, identity, norms, feelings
Pages :  111-124
Type :  Research paper
APA :  de Gaulejac, V. (1995) La honte, le sujet et l'identité. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), II(02), pp. 111-124
 
 
Title :  The impact of repetitive work on the identity of the worker
Author(s) :  José Newton, Garcia De Araujo ; Maria Elizabeth , Antunes Lima
Abstract :  An illness is developing in Brazil in workers who have to do repetitive work : disorders of the muscles and the bone structure. The authors wonder about the possible psychosocial factors that could take part in the birth of this pathology. The studies involve bank employees and workers in a student restaurant. They make it possible to demonstrate that in these two categories there are disorders conceming their personal and social identity. They reveal the various mechanisms of defence (denial, splitting, idealization) that workers put into action in order to reconstruct a self-image that has been knocked about by tasks that are perceived as sources of humiliation as well as suffering and to give some meaning to their professionnal activity.
Keywords:  impact, work, worker, identity
Pages :  125 - 136
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Antunes Lima, M. et Garcia De Araujo, J. (1995) Les impacts du travail répétitif sur l'identité du travailleur. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), II(02), pp. 125-136
 
 
Title :  The test of misappreciation: ldentity uncertainties in a health-care team
Author(s) :  Jacqueline, Barus-Michel
Abstract :  Abrupt institutional changes in power relationships make teams unstable. However these teams constitute. in a privileged way, "containers", offer materials and props for identity construction while power relations give or remove recognition which brings legitimacy. The psychosocial analysis of a psychiatrie hospital team shows how the professional identity and the status of the person are put in danger and how such an analysis in situ ( "institutional regulation") is able to maintain space for the reconstruction of one's own identity.
Keywords:  test of misappreciation, identity uncertainty, health-care team
Pages :  137 - 146
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Barus-Michel, J. (1995) L'épreuve de la méconnaissance : incertitude identitaire dans une équipe de soins. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), II(02), pp. 137-146
 
 
Title :  ldentity and space: from symbolic anchoring to the search for imaginary references
Author(s) :  Michel, Bonetti
Abstract :  This paper cornes after previous analyses on housing and space as bases for the recomposition of fragmented identities. The question is to understand why the formation of identities has become the main stake for personal development, and has been meanwhile more and more difficult, as the individual was promoted as the main feature in our society. Individualism appears to be the result of reinforced universalism ans instrumental rationality, which tend to destroy specific cultural roots. People's references were directly derived from their social and cultural background, and appeared as its symbolic meaning. Presently people are deprived from these references and are condemned to look for imaginary meanings throughout their experience in order to build their identity. They are no more submitted to the standards and values of the social group they belong to ; they get some freedom, but at the same time they loose this symbolic anchoring which was given to them. The risk of a meaningless life leads them to build a self image supposed to confirm their social status.
Keywords:  identity spacialization, imaginary references
Pages :  147 - 172
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Bonetti, M. (1995) La spatialisation des identités de l'ancrage symbolique à la quête des référents imaginaires . Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), II(02), pp. 147-172
 
 
Title : 
Author(s) :  Gilles, Amado ; Jacqueline, Barus-Michel ; Eugène, Enriquez; Claude, Faucheux ; Jean-Claude, Filloux; Véronique, Guienne-Bossavit ; Jean-Marc, Huguet ; André, Lévy ; Marie-Louise, Pellegrin-Rescia
Pages :  159 - 172
Type :  Debate
APA :  Amado, G., Barus-Michel, J., Enriquez, E., Faucheux, C., Filloux, J., Guienne-Bossavit, V., Huguet, J., Lévy, A. et Pellegrin-Rescia, M. (1995) Marcel Mauss et la psychosociologie. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), II(02), pp. 159-172
 
 
Title : 
Author(s) :  André, Lévy
Pages :  173 - 180
Type :  Critical studies
APA :  Lévy, A. (1995) Roger Bartra : LA JAULA DE LA MELANCOLIA, IDENTIDAD Y METAMORFOSIS DEL MEXICANO (LA GEÔLE DE LA MÉLANCOLIE, IDENTITÉ ET MÉTAMORPHOSE DU MEXICAIN). Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), II(02), pp. 173-180
 
 
Title : 
Author(s) :  Claude, Faucheux
Pages :  181 - 186
Type :  Critical studies
APA :  Faucheux, C. (1995) Catherine CHARBIT et Annie CERVON : L'ENFANT PSYCHOTIQUE ET L'ÉCOLE, Paris, Bayard Editions, 1993. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), II(02), pp. 181-186
 
 
 
 
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