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Volume XXIII • Issue 56 • 2017 (Already published)
 
Guest editor(s): Daniel, Bonnet ; Isabelle, Barth
 
The company released
 
 
Issue content
 
Title :  To test the liberated companies
Author(s) :  Diégo, Landivar ; Philippe, Trouvé
Abstract :  For a few years now, a new managerial doctrine has emerged in the professional and consulting circles and, less obviously, in academic research circles, making "liberated enterprises" (now "EL") a new model of inspiration. and action for business leaders. An expression which today exerts a great power of attraction and which, was it not the founding ambivalence as etymologically as historical of the notion of company, would have at first sight all the appearance of a oxymoron.
Pages :  47 - 61
Type :  Prologue
APA :  Landivar, D. et Trouvé, P. (2017) Eprouver les entreprises libérées. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XXIII(56), pp. 47-61
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2017-56-page-47.htm
 
 
Title :  Simplification implementation as organizational innovation and first stage of liberation process: the Volkswagen Group France case study
Author(s) :  Camille, Aigouy ; Julien, Granata
Abstract :  The both environmental and organizational complexity leads to the simplification implementation in the organizations. While liberating the company appears as an issue for innovation, in processual culture this radical choice can lead to opposite effects or failure. The Volkswagen Group France case study illustrates how the implementation of simplification, as an organizational innovation, can lead to the company liberation. Our findings are threefold. The case study confirms the nature of simplification as organizational innovation and its influence towards the company liberation. We identify the stages of simplification process. Then, we highlight significant findings in terms of cost saving, time saving, and employee satisfaction.
Keywords:  organizational innovation, simplification, liberation
Pages :  63 - 85
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Aigouy, C. et Granata, J. (2017) L’implémentation de la simplification en tant qu’innovation organisationnelle et première étape d’un processus de libération : le cas de Volkswagen Groupe France. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XXIII(56), pp. 63-85
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2017-56-page-63.htm
 
 
Title :  Beyond success stories, which kind of corporate liberation? Case study among the Belgian public sector
Author(s) :  Fanny, Fox ; François, Pichault
Abstract :  If one can expect corporate liberation to logically embrace a polyphonic approach (Pichault, 2013) – i.e. an approach built on communication and actors’ involvement as well as on confrontation between opposite voices (Sullivan & McCarthy, 2008) – it appears that such a process can take a panoptical form through intended control and social discipline. Based on a qualitative research, this paper explores the implementation of a liberation process: steps, barriers and ways to possibly overcome them, stakeholders’ involvement and associated negotiations, resistances and tensions, etc. The case study has been carried out in a Belgian public administration characterised by an important union presence. The aim is to shed light on some paradoxes brought about by the so-called liberated company when it comes to actual change management practices.
Keywords:  liberated enterprise, panoptism, polyphony, public sector, change management
Pages :  87 - 107
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Fox, F. et Pichault, F. (2017) Au-delà des success stories, quel processus de libération ?Étude de cas au sein du secteur public belge. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XXIII(56), pp. 87-107
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2017-56-page-87.htm
 
 
Title :  Freedom form company between liberation and deliberation. An analysis of organizational processes in a central purchasing agency
Author(s) :  Clément, Ruffier ; Thierry, Rousseau
Abstract :  The notion of a freedom-form company presents itself as a new utopia to organise work. How does it work out in concrete situations? This article analyses the experience of a service company of a hundred employees. It shows that the liberation process is anything but linear. Intensive organizational work is needed to make change effective. This tends to be delegated to employees without a real debate between strategic orientations and operational realities. The concept of freedom-form company therefore does not allow for collective deliberation.
Keywords:  deliberation, freed company, work, organization
Pages :  109 - 123
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Rousseau, T. et Ruffier, C. (2017) L’entreprise libérée entre libération et délibération.Une analyse du travail d’organisation dans une centrale d’achat. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XXIII(56), pp. 109-123
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2017-56-page-109.htm
 
 
Title :  Changes in leadership model within a company on the path to liberation
Author(s) :  Théo, Holtz
Abstract :  Contrary to common misconceptions, the organizational environment of so called « liberated » companies does not suppress any form of management practices ; it puts forward a new model based on leadership positions operating outside the removed hierarchical structure. Based on field exploratory results as part of a DBA research, the purpose of this article is to outline the specific features of the leadership model that was set up in a company on the path to « liberation ». We begin with a description of the new management positions and the changes incurred by the new model. Then we consider how managers cope with the changes of their job content. We conclude with a review of the challenges encountered in implementing the new leadership model.
Keywords:  change management, managerial innovation, corporate liberation, leadership models, businesses released
Pages :  125 - 140
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Holtz, T. (2017) Mutations du leadership dans une entreprise en voie de libération. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XXIII(56), pp. 125-140
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2017-56-page-125.htm
 
 
Title :  Liberated company, a “world” in search of a higher common principle. The case of firm P
Author(s) :  Brigitte, Nivet ; Sophie, Marmorat
Abstract :  The initiative-freeing organizational form is becoming a major trend in management studies and seems to appeal to more and more leaders. These new organizational models tend to question the forms of traditional power and the place of management in firms. Around the world, several organizations are trying to experiment with these kinds of managerial mutations (Getz et Carney, 2009). However, there is a lack of theoretical works dealing with this issue and the model calls for a better conceptual understanding. This article uses a conceptual framework that mobilizes the sociology of conventions (Boltanski and Thévenot, 1987, 1991). From a methodological point of view, we compare the concrete case of the firm P, experiencing a radical management change in the sense of a large initiative-freeing organizational model, to the “worlds” described by Boltanski and Thévenot. In particular, we study in what proportion this kind of experimentation tends to gravitate around some “worlds” more than others. Our results suggest that initiative-freeing organizational firms are less a complete new organizational ontology than a mix of “industrial” and “project” orders of worth.
Keywords:  semantic analysis, cities, sociology of conventions, tensions, liberated enterprise
Pages :  141 - 161
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Marmorat, S. et Nivet, B. (2017) L’entreprise libérée, une cité en quête d’un principe supérieur commun. Le cas de l’entreprise P. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XXIII(56), pp. 141-161
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2017-56-page-141.htm
 
 
Title :  Corporate liberation: a diagnostical approach through organizational design
Author(s) :  Anne, Rousseau ; Céline, Donis ; Laurent, Taskin ; Marie, Antoine
Abstract :  The so-called liberated company promotes the ideal of democratic management but entails multiple forms of work organization. In this article, we propose to characterize the liberated company in light of the organizational design literature. After a review of scientific literature about the main organizational design models, and professional literature about corporate liberation, we propose a diagnostic interpretative framework. Afterwards we apply this framework to Pocheco, a liberated company, in order to characterize the liberated company organizational design.
Keywords:  liberated company, managerial innovation, organizational design
Pages :  163 - 184
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Antoine, M., Donis, C., Rousseau, A. et Taskin, L. (2017) La libération des entreprises : une approche diagnostique par le design organisationnel. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XXIII(56), pp. 163-184
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2017-56-page-163.htm
 
 
Title :  Can companies put their trust in trust? An exploration of the trust/control relation as an organizational principle
Author(s) :  Anne-Claire, Chêne ; Joan, Le Goff
Abstract :  Using control to develop trust in organizations? Impossible! And yet... The research we conducted, interviewing employees and managers of an organization that chose trust as an organizational principle, invites us to consider how control mechanisms allow the development of a sense of confidence instead of paradoxical trust. It requires the combination of a positive view of people and a willingness to integrate risk instead of trying to control it, which allows us to use control mechanisms with a cooperative intent out of a common interest.
Keywords:  trust, control, cooperation, release, risk
Pages :  185 - 204
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Chêne, A. et Le Goff, J. (2017) Les entreprises peuvent-elles faire confiance à la confiance ? Une exploration du lien contrôle-confiance comme principe organisationnel. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XXIII(56), pp. 185-204
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2017-56-page-185.htm
 
 
Title :  "The liberated enterprise": analysis of the diffusion of a managerial model
Author(s) :  Ann-Charlotte, Teglborg ; Nathalie, Raulet-Croset ; Patrick, Gilbert
Abstract :  In recent years a movement has emerged in favor of companies qualified as "liberated" (flattened structure, erasure of the marks of authority, empowerment of the teams of operators, reduction of the technostructure ...), whose principles have been identified and popularized in particular by the work of Getz and Carney (2012) following Peters (1992), and which is the subject of a growing mediatization (works proselytes, articles of press, conferences, television broadcasts, offer of advice). As the movement develops, the forms taken by the liberated companies diversify and more and more researchers are interested in it (Picard 2015, Jacquinot & Pellissier-Tanon, 2015). The organization of symposia testifies to this, as well as often critical forums and positions, such as that of sociologist E. Friedberg in Le Monde on October 27, 2015.
Pages :  205 - 224
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Gilbert, P., Raulet-Croset, N. et Teglborg, A. (2017) « L’entreprise libérée » : analyse de la diffusion d’un modèle managérial. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XXIII(56), pp. 205-224
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2017-56-page-205.htm
 
 
Title :  Liberation management: a mythology of contestation to rethink the management?
Author(s) :  Jean-Claude, Casalegno
Abstract :  The traditional management model is in crisis. It imposes on the actor’s conditions of existence particularly paradoxical. To emerge from them, these produce "riotous utopias" which have a function of challenging established models. It is in this register that the movement of liberated enterprises appears, whose enchanting discourse presents all the appearances of a mythology in the sense of Barthes. Like any fashion, it must be appreciated with respect and intelligence because it announces new forms of organization and management that are not yet stabilized. The sudden appearance of his appearance suggests that this is a mythology of "the state of explosion" (Durand, 2016). It testifies to the urgency to free the imagination in organizations dried up by managerial practices that have remained quanto-phrenic. To analyze this phenomenon which certainly announces more democratic models, the author relies on the contributions of anthropology and semiology.
Keywords:  anthropology, imaginary, mythologies, utopias, liberated companies
Pages :  225 - 245
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Casalegno, J. (2017) L’entreprise libérée : une mythologie de contestation pour libérer l’imaginaire dans les organisations ?. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XXIII(56), pp. 225-245
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2017-56-page-225.htm
 
 
Title :  The liberated company and talents: an announced advent
Author(s) :  Alain, d’Iribarne
Abstract :  The liberated company, with the substitution of a logic of “talent” for that of skill that characterizes it, is generally presented as a major innovation. The thesis suggested here is that the liberated company and its “talents” indicate, in fact, a new phase of a continuous and hesitant process of the business models and organizations transformation, that is not only linked to the renewal of technologies and persons, but also, to the updating of the economic as well as the social deficiencies by the major neo-taylorised organizations. All the more, the least of paradoxes isn’t that this new organizational and managerial model has been promoted both by the altermondialist libertarians and the proponents of a libertarian liberalism.
Keywords:  liberated companies, libertarians, talents
Pages :  247 - 264
Type :  Research paper
APA :  d’Iribarne, A. (2017) L’entreprise libérée et les « talents » : un avènement annonce ?. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XXIII(56), pp. 247-264
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2017-56-page-247.htm
 
 
Title :  Liberation experiences brought under control. Reflections on new velleity for corporate democracy
Author(s) :  Thibaud, Brière
Abstract :  The phenomenon known as “corporate liberation” may be yet another proof of the desire for the democratization of companies, which is established within two more extensive movements, the first one being of liberalization, and the other of the evolution of democracy towards more subtle forms of exercise of power, inducing a specific conception of autonomy and rights in many “liberated companies”. The new approaches of management, conducted by fine orientation of the free will of the employees, and of which these new types of companies may be the test field, would characterize an emerging form of democracy, called “post-democracy”, in which the individuals are as free of their actions as the extent of the limits set by their managers.
Keywords:  liberated enterprises, post-democracy, enterprise democracy
Pages :  265 - 282
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Brière, T. (2017) Les expériences de libération sous contrôle. Réflexions sur une nouvelle velléité de démocratie dans l’entreprise. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XXIII(56), pp. 265-282
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2017-56-page-265.htm
 
 
Title :  Does working with pet affect organizational commitment and stress? A search of the social facilitation theory
Author(s) :  François, Grima ; Pierre, Chaudat
Abstract :  The purpose of this article is to understand the influence of the presence of a pet on the organizational commitment and the stress perceived by employees in their company. Mobilizing an expanded theoretical base integrating the contributions of Management Sciences and Psychology, this exploratory work emphasizes that pet animals can have an effect on the organizational commitment and stress of part of the staff, which also reveals a role of Facilitator in the company.
Keywords:  organizational commitment, stress, dog
Pages :  283 - 307
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Chaudat, P. et Grima, F. (2017) La présence de l’animal de compagnie au travail a t’elle un lien avec l’engagement organisationnel et le stress ? Une recherche à partir de la théorie de la facilitation sociale. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XXIII(56), pp. 283-307
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2017-56-page-283.htm
 
 
Title :  Whistle-Blower and Organizational Silence
Author(s) :  Patrice, Cailleba
Abstract :  The figure of the whistleblower has been little examined in relation to Organizational Silence (OS). Indeed, before the whistleblower appears, first there is silence. And this OS is at the same time dissimulating and socializing. In this article we put emphasis on the interdependent relationship between OS and whistleblowing. Moreover we propose a general definition of OS and its characteristics. Then we present a new OS typology in connection with the whistleblower. In conclusion, we emphasize the central importance of whistleblower for any corporate ethics policy.
Keywords:  whistleblower, organizational silence, spiral of silence, typology, ethics
Pages :  309 - 334
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Cailleba, P. (2017) Lanceur d’alerte et silence organisationnel. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XXIII(56), pp. 309-334
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2017-56-page-309.htm
 
 
Title :  « I’ve fallen into the shit ». Life story of a youth, a life without organization
Author(s) :  Julien, Billion
Abstract :  This ethnographic research deconstruct the life stories, the ruptures of young people in wandering in Paris. Ten case studies were completed. Observations and interviews were conducted over time. In this article, the story of a youth, a life without organization is analyzed in depth. Romain has accumulated ruptures since his birth. Dropped out of school, unemployed, away from his family and health and social organizations, he socializes in the street. He wanders with his dog and sometimes other homeless people depending on the opportunities. He consumes psychotropic products, panhandle and uses delinquency to alleviate his suffering and survive.
Keywords:  young, street, breaking, homeless, socializing, organization
Pages :  335 - 348
Type :  Research paper
APA :  Billion, J. (2017) « Je suis tombé dans le bordel, dans la rue ». Histoire d’un jeune, d’une vie sans organisation. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XXIII(56), pp. 335-348
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2017-56-page-335.htm
 
 
Title :  Social Transformations, Research and the Border Between Robot and Human: A Reading Sheet
Author(s) :  Wilfrid, Azan
Pages :  349 - 353
Type :  Book review
APA :  Azan, W. (2017) Transformations sociales, recherche et frontière entre robot et humain : une fiche de lecture. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO), XXIII(56), pp. 349-353
URL Cairn:  https://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-psychosociologie-de-gestion-des-comportements-organisationnels-2017-56-page-349.htm
 
 
 
 
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