Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie et de Gestion des Comportements Organisationnels (RIPCO)
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Titre :  Analysis of the role of fake and pseudo. The case of Achilles diagnosed possessed, then pseudo-possessed, by Pierre Janet
Numéro :  21
Année :  2003
Volume :  IX
Auteur(s) :  Stéphane LAURENS
Résumé :  At the beginning of his career Pierre Janet had the opportunity to observe a patient, Achille, who seemed to be demon-possessed. After acquainting himself with old studies on this theme, Janet observed that his patient indeed presented all the classic signs of possession. He concluded therefore that Achille was possessed. But this diagnosis was immediately criticised by theology specialists who asserted that Achille was in fact only pseudo-possessed. Thirty years later, without ever having re-examined this patient, Janet admitted that he had been mistaken: Achille was only pseudo-possessed. Using this change in diagnosis, I will first of all emphasise the importance of institutions and their agents in establishing pertinent and legitimate diagnoses. I will then try to grasp the interest that two sub-universes of meaning in competition might have (here the church and medicine) in qualifying together an object as fake or pseudo. It is possible that the acceptance of this designation as fake or pseudo might correspond to a particular moment in the relations between two sub-universes of meaning in competition to define and institute reality. Between phases of confrontation to grab reality and eliminate competing sub-universes appear phases where reality is negotiated. These phases are probably marked by the use of notions such as pseudo, fake, simili...
Pages :  163 - 177
Type :  Studies
Keywords :  fake, pseudo, pseudonym, Achilles, possessed, Pierre Janet, Janet
APA :  Laurens, S. (2003) Analyse du rôle des faux et des pseudos. Le cas d'Achille diagnostiqué possédé, puis pseudo-possédé, par Pierre Janet. Revue Internationale de Psychosociologie (RIP), IX(21), pp. 163-177. DOI : 10.3917/rips.021.0163
Citations :  1
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